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Table 2 Standardized paths from antecedent variables (the Big-Five personality factors and gender) to the mindfulness manifold, moral foundations, the compassion variables, and awareness of privilege, as estimated in the final linear structural equation model

From: Mind full of kindness: self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-transcendence as vehicles for compassion

  Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Neuroticism Intellect/ imagination Gender
Reflective awareness   0.20 0.09   0.32 0.11
Controlled sense-of-self in the moment   0.11 0.26 − 0.43   
Self-preoccupation − 0.10    0.45   
Self-compassion 0.06   0.10 − 0.32   
Self-transcendence 0.22 0.22   − 0.16   
Individualizing − 0.17 0.16     0.24
Binding   − 0.10 0.11   − 0.15  
Empathy   0.37 − 0.10 0.10 − 0.14  
Indifference   − 0.66     
Common humanity   0.28 0.11 − 0.16   
Recognizing suffering 0.13 0.26     
Willingness to act   0.14 − 0.15    
Awareness of privilege 0.15     − 0.08 0.23
  1. N = 407. All paths indicated are significant at p < .05; all paths not indicated were fixed at zero, Gender: 0 = male; 1 = female