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Table 1 Contents of the mindfulness-based Dementia Caregiving Program

From: Evaluating the effectiveness of a 6-week hybrid mindfulness-based intervention in reducing the stress among caregivers of patients with dementia during COVID-19 pandemic: protocol of a randomized controlled trial

Week Teaching mode Main theme Contents (90 min per session) Home practice
1 Face-to-Face Caregiving stress and automatic pilot Establishing the orientation of the class
The raisin exercise (eating meditation)
13-min body scan
Reaction to stress
45-min body scan for 6 out of 7 days
Mindfulness of a routine practice
2 Face-to-Face Thoughts and feelings Exercises on thoughts and feelings related to dementia caregiving
Mindful stretching and breath meditation
Mindful movements
3-min breathing space
10 min of mindful breathing for 6 out of 7 days
Pleasant experience calendar (one example daily)
Mindfulness of a routine practice
3 Online Facing difficulty with mindfulness Exercises focusing on unpleasant caregiving experiences
Practising seeing and hearing
Sitting meditation (awareness of breath and body, and of responses to painful sensations)
40 min of mindful movements or stretching and breathing meditation for 6 out of 7 days
Unpleasant experience calendar (a different experience for each day)
3-min breathing space, 3 times daily
4 Online Mindful communication and responses Practising seeing and hearing
Mindful communication with people with dementia
3-min breathing space
Responding to the behaviour of the care-recipient
Sitting meditation, 6 out of 7 days
3-min breathing space (3 times a day)
3-min breathing space – responsive (whenever one notices unpleasant feelings)
5 Online Thoughts are not facts Sitting meditation
Exercises on thoughts and alternative viewpoints
3-min breathing space (responsive)
Identifying habitual emotional reactions to difficulties resulting from caregiving
Select a guided meditation to practise at least 40 min per day
3-min breathing space (3 times a day)
3-min breathing space – added instructions (whenever one notices unpleasant feelings)
6 Face-to-Face Taking care of yourself Sitting meditation with breath, body, sounds
Exploring difficulties in mindfulness
Exercise on looking forward
and preparing for the future
3-min breathing space (3 times a day)
Select from all different forms of practice and apply them on a regular basis
Develop actions to be used in the face of low moods