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Table 3 Dependent variables changes during three phases of study in the control and intervention groups

From: The effectiveness of adapted group mindfulness-based stress management program on perceived stress and emotion regulation in midwives: a randomized clinical trial

Group Dependent variable Mean (SD) F P value* Eta
Pre-test Post-test Follow Up
Control Perceived helplessness 13.71 (2.67) 12.19 (2.71) 13.00 (2.10) 2.74 0.077 0.120
Perceived self-efficacy 16.29 (3.17) 15.95 (3.83) 14.90 (2.93) 1.32 0.278 0.062
Total Perceived Stress Score 30.00 (3.34) 28.14 (4.11) 27.90 (3.51) 2.00 0.149 0.091
Non acceptance of emotional responses 13.43 (5.45) 15.48 (4.59) 14.05 (3.12) 1.67 0.202 0.077
Difficulty engaging in Goal-directed behavior 15.00 (4.83) 15.43 (3.64) 14.90 (4.19) 0.15 0.866 0.007
Impulse control difficulties 16.00 (5.09) 16.81 (3.80) 15.81 (3.80) 0.48 0.623 0.023
Lack of emotional awareness 14.43 (4.12) 15.62 (3.64) 16.33 (2.42) 2.85 0.070 0.125
Limited access to emotion regulation strategies 20.95 (6.70) 23.71 (5.50) 22.43 (4.85) 1.89 0.165 0.086
Lack of emotional clarity 9.19 (3.01) 10.14 (3.31) 10.76 (2.38) 2.00 0.149 0.091
Total score of emotion regulation difficulties 89.00 (19.18) 97.19 (18.14) 94.29 (14.29) 1.68 0.200 0.077
Intervention Perceived helplessness 12.68 (2.08) 9.63 (1.83) 10.68 (3.80) 6.44 0.004 0.264
Perceived self-efficacy 16.84 (2.34) 13.84 (2.34) 14.53 (3.73) 6.48 0.004 0.265
Total Perceived Stress Score 29.53 (2.65) 23.47 (2.54) 25.21 (6.69) 10.73  < 0.001 0.374
Nonacceptance of emotional responses 13.95 (5.72) 10.58 (3.11) 11.26 (3.81) 4.77 0.014 0.210
Difficulty engaging in Goal-directed behavior 14.11 (3.83) 12.00 (2.75) 11.74 (3.14) 5.30 0.010 0.228
Impulse control difficulties 15.11 (4.12) 13.58 (2.89) 13.89 (3.71) 1.32 0.279 0.069
Lack of emotional awareness 16.63 (4.83) 15.63 (2.67) 16.00 (2.52) 0.58 0.565 0.031
Limited access to emotion regulation strategies 22.42 (6.98) 16.21 (3.69) 17.16 (5.37) 11.78  < 0.001 0.396
Lack of emotional clarity 10.63 (3.82) 8.84 (1.57) 10.21 (2.97) 3.49 0.041 0.163
Total score of emotion regulation difficulties 92.84 (23.28) 76.84 (11.66) 80.26 (17.96) 6.47 0.004 0.264
  1. *Repeated measure Analysis of Variance