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Table 2 Differences between White and non-White practitioners’ cultural competence, desirable responding, and racial and ethnic blindness

From: White and non-White Australian mental health care practitioners’ desirable responding, cultural competence, and racial/ethnic attitudes

Scores/variable
Mean (SD)
All participants (n = 139) White (n = 90) Non-White (n = 49) p value
Age 37.3 (11.3) 38.5 (11.6) 34.7 (10.2) 0.077*
Multicultural Counselling Inventory (MCI)
 Composite score (MCI total) 122.9 (14.0) 121.5 (13.6) 125.5 (14.6) 0.069
 Subscale 1: Multicultural Counselling Skills 37.1 (5.0) 37.3 (5.0) 36.7 (5.0) 0.554
 Subscale 2: Multicultural Awareness 27.5 (5.0) 26.4 (4.6) 29.5 (5.0) < 0.001*
 Subscale 3: Multicultural Counselling Relationship 27.5(5.0) 24.2 (3.3) 25.4 (3.5) 0.049*
 Subscale 4: Multicultural Counselling Knowledge 33.7 (4.8) 33.7 (4.5) 33.9 (5.4) 0.433
Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR)
 Composite score (BIDR Total) 10.4 (6.8) 9.6 (6.3) 11.8 (7.2) 0.094
 Subscale 1: Self Deceptive Enhancement (SDE) 4.2 (3.1) 3.9 (2.9) 4.8 (3.2) 0.135
 Subscale 2: Impression Management (IM) 6.2 (4.5) 5.7 (4.3) 7.0 (4.8) 0.132
Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale (CoBRAS)
 Composite score (CoBRAS Total) 43.8 (13.6) 41.5 (13.6) 48.0 (13.0) 0.007*
 Factor 1 (URP-Unawareness of Racial Privilege) 18.8 (6.4) 17.6 (6.2) 20.9 (6.4) 0.003*
 Factor 2 (UID-Unawareness of Institutional Discrimination) 14.4 (5.3) 13.9 (5.5) 15.4 (4.9) 0.059
 Factor 3 (UBRI-Unawareness of Blatant Racism Issues) 10.6 (4.3) 10.0 (4.0) 11.9 (4.6) 0.013*
  1. *p < 0.05