Skip to main content

Table 1 Practitioners’ demographic, professional, and cultural competency related characteristics (n = 139)

From: White and non-White Australian mental health care practitioners’ desirable responding, cultural competence, and racial/ethnic attitudes

Variable n (%) or mean (SD)
Demographic characteristics
 Age (in years) 37.3 (11.3)
 Gender  
  Female 124 (89.2%)
  Male 14 (10.1%)
  Other 1 (0.7%)
 Ethnicity  
  Asian 19 (13.7%)
  African 4 (2.9%)
  Latin American 6 (4.3%)
  Eastern European 13 (9.4%)
  Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait islander 5 (3.6%)
  Middle Eastern 4 (2.9%)
  Mediterranean 12 (8.6%)
  White 90 (64.7%)
 Australian Residency Status
  Australian citizen 127 (91.4%)
  Australian permanent resident 3 (2.2%)
  Work visa holder 3 (2.2%)
  Student visa holder 4 (2.9%)
  Other (temporary visa holder and New Zealand citizen) 2 (1.4%)
Professional (cultural competency and other work related) characteristics
 Highest level of education
  Completed postgraduate degree 112 (80.6%)
  Completed university degree 25 (18.0%)
  Not completed degree at university 1 (0.7%)
  Completed high school diploma or equivalent 1 (0.7%)
 Year of obtaining qualification
  Within last 5 years (since 2016) 83 (59.7%)
  Before 5 years 54 (38.8%)
 Participants speaks another language in addition to English
  Yes 47 (33.8%)
  No 92 (66.2%)
 Occupational role
  Clinical psychologist 58 (41.7%)
  Psychologist (general) 36 (25.6%)
  Psychology trainee (provisional) 13 (9.4%)
  Social worker (or trainee) 6 (4.3%)
  Counsellor (or trainee) 7 (2.9%)
  Other (Youth/ Community worker, Health Promotion Officer, Medical student, Psychotherapist/or trainee, Pharmacist, Allied health managers, Occupational therapist, Clinical psychologist registrar, Nurse practitioner and Psychology student) 19 (13.7%)
 Years working in mental health
  0–1 years 19 (13.7%)
  2–5 years 52 (37.4%)
  6–10 years 27 (19.4%)
  11–14 years 12 (8.6%)
  ≥ 15 years 28 (20.1%)
 Type of service
  Private practice 59 (42.4%)
  Public practice 48 (34.5%)
  Both private and public practice 21 (15.1%)
  Other (none, NGO, disability services, project consulting, research, community clinic) 5 (3.6%)
  Both private and other practice 3 (2.2%)
Cultural competency experience variable
 Number of non-White clients per week
  None 9 (6.5%)
  1–3 59 (42.4%)
  4–6 39 (28.1%)
  7–9 16 (11.5%)
  ≥ 10 16 (11.5%)
 Engagement in cultural competence-related workshops, conferences or training since beginning practicing mental health care
  None 25 (18.0%)
  1–3 75 (54.0%)
  4–6 30 (21.6%)
  7–9 3 (2.2%)
  ≥ 10 6 (4.3%)
 Did your professional mental health training sufficiently prepare you to provide culturally competent services for non-White clients
  Agree 71 (51.1%)
  Neutral 18 (12.9%)
  Disagree 50 (36.0%)