Skip to main content

Table 1 Parameter estimates of the cusp model for the prediction of achievement from physiological arousal and feelings of anger in the normative and outcome goal conditions

From: The regulatory properties of anger under different goal orientations: the effects of normative and outcome goals

Variable B S.E. Z-value p-value
Normative performance goal condition
a(Intercept) − 0.067 0.274 − 0.248 0.804
a(Baseline Heart Rate) 0.267 0.170 1.575 0.115
b(Intercept) 0.459 0.006 81.625 0.001***
b(Anger) 0.521 0.035 15.091 0.001***
b(Heart Rate During Task) 0063 0.032 1.970 0.049*
w(Intercept) − 0.027 0.168 − 0.160 0.873
w(Achievement) 0.915 0.066 13.838 0.001***
Outcome performance goal condition
a(Intercept) 0.343 0.328 1.046 0.296
a(Baseline Heart Rate) 0.149 0.165 0.901 0.368
b(Intercept) − 0.321 0.016 − 19.489 0.001***
b(Anger) 0.119 0.201 0.590 0.555
b(Heart Rate During Task) 0.401 0.265 1.511 0.131
w(Intercept) 0.304 0.168 1.810 0.070
w(Achievement) 0.787 0.050 15.810 0.001***
  1. ***p < . 001; **p < .01; *p < .05, two-tailed tests