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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the sample

From: Subjective perception of life stress events affects long-term pain: the role of resilience

Characteristics A. No long-term health problems B. Long-term pain B versus A C. Long-term pain with anxiety C versus A C versus B
N = 405 N = 764 P value N = 91 P value P value
Age: Mean (SD) 36.4 (14.3) 51.2 (16.3) < 0.001 51.6 (18.6) < 0.001 n.s
Gender: N (%)
 Male 235 (58.0) 335 (43.8) < 0.001 27 (29.7) < 0.001 0.009
 Female 170 (42.0) 429 (56.2)   64 (70.3)   
CTQ: Mean (SD)
 Emotional abuse (EA) 6.50 (2.23) 7.20 (3.07) 0.003 7.96 (3.42) < 0.001 n.s
 Physical abuse (PA) 5.63 (1.88) 6.01 (2.31) 0.009 5.74 (2.08) n.s n.s
 Sexual abuse (SA) 5.42 (1.58) 5.50 (1.82) n.s 5.68 (2.13) n.s n.s
 Emotional neglect (EN) 9.86 (4.45) 10.59 (4.56) 0.012 12.59 (5.29) < 0.001 0.002
 Physical neglect (PN) 6.91 (2.64) 7.41 (2.75) 0.001 8.41 (2.95) < 0.001 0.005
BRS: Mean (SD) 3.22 (0.70) 2.96 (0.68) < 0.001 2.43 (0.68) < 0.001 < 0.001
Occurrence of life stress events affecting the respondents’ life in the past year: N (%)
 Yes 45 (11.1) 224 (29.3) < 0.001 49 (53.9) < 0.001 < 0.001
 No 360 (88.9) 540 (70.7)   42 (46.1)   
  1. P values correspond to the χ2 and Kruskal–Wallis tests; n.s. = non-significant (p > 0.05)