Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample demographics (n = 2109)

From: Development and validation of self-efficacy and intention measures for spending time in nature

Variable M (SD) or %
Gender (% Female) 49.7
Age 58.1 (17.1)
Education
 High school or less 21.7
 Some or community college 36.8
 Bachelor’s degree 24.1
 Graduate or professional degree 17.5
Household income
 Less than $30,000 27.7
 $30,000–$49,999 21.5
 $50,000–$69,999 16.6
 $70,000–$99,999 16.9
 $100,000+ 17.3
Race/ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic 59.8
 Black, non-Hispanic 13.3
 Hispanic 18.4
 Other 8.0
General health
 Excellent 15.9
 Good 58.6
 Fair 22.1
 Poor 3.4
In the typical week, when the weather allows, about how long on average do you spend outdoors in nature?
 None 5.5
 Some but less than 30 min 16.8
 30 min to an hour 25.0
 1–2 h 22.3
 2–3 h 11.0
 3–4 h 6.4
 4–5 h 5.5
 5–6 h 3.0
 More than 7 h 4.6
In the last 12 months, how often, on average have you spent your free time outside in green and natural spaces?
 Every day 30.5
 More than twice a week, but not everyday 28.8
 Twice a week 8.8
 Once a week 9.3
 Once or twice a month 6.6
 Once every 2–3 months 2.5
 Less often 4.9
 Almost never 8.6