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Table 3 Predictors of mediating variables of hopelessness, female study participants (n = 268)

From: Hopelessness and HIV infection: an exploratory study with a gender-specific perspective

  Financial dissatisfaction aOR (95% CI) Physical health dissatisfaction aOR (95% CI) Low HIV-related emotional support aOR (95% CI)
Sociodemographic characteristics
Age 0.98 (0.95, 1.00)   
Relationship status
 In an intimate relationship   1 1
 Single   1.55 (0.87, 2.76) 3.28*** (1.72, 6.25)
Years of school
  ≤ 12 years 1.92* (1.10, 3.35) 2.75** (1.49, 5.10)  
  ≥ 13 years 1 1  
Employment
 Working 1 1  
 Non-working 3.48*** (1.85, 6.52) 2.51** (1.33, 4.71)  
Self-reported HIV clinical factors
Time since HIV diagnosis
  ≤ 10 years   1  
  ≥ 10 years   1.33 (0.76, 2.35)  
Experiencing bothersome physical ART side-effects
 Yes    0.44* (0.22, 0.89)
 No    1
Psychosocial factors
Anticipated stigmatization
 Low    1
 High    1.89* (1.05, 3.41)
  1. aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ART antiretroviral therapy
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001