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Table 2 Purposes for internet usage measurement (n = 420)

From: Purposes of internet use among Iranian university students: exploring its relationship with social networking site (SNS) addiction

Variable Item How often do you use the Internet for …? %     M SD
    0 or 1 2 or 3 4 or 5 6 or 7   
Social purposes 1 Meeting new people 59.3 21.2 13.6 6 1.66 .92
  2 Following social and political news 41.4 25.2 21.0 12.4 2.04 1.06
  3 Using SNSs 2.4 12.4 37.4 47.9 3.31 .78
Recreational purposes 4 Online gaming 66.9 15.2 10.0 7.9 1.59 .96
  5 Online gambling 94.5 2.4 1.7 1.4 1.10 .45
  6 Relaxing 12.4 27.6 36.2 23.8 2.71 .96
  7 Listening to music or watching movies 5.7 19.8 30.2 44.3 3.13 .92
Economic purposes 8 Shopping 43.3 33.6 17.4 5.7 1.85 .90
  9 Making money 86.9 7.1 3.1 2.9 1.22 .64
  10 Using online transportation services 49.0 18.1 17.6 15.2 1.99 1.13
Academic & informative purposes 11 Learning 7.4 24.3 41.2 27.1 2.88 .89
  12 Information searching 4.3 18.1 36.9 40.7 3.14 .86
  13 Using email for educational needs 36.0 28.1 22.4 13.6 2.13 1.05
  1. (Scale ranging from 0 = “no use at all” to 7 = “Extreme use”)