Skip to main content

Table 3 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with the gambling categories

From: Gambling problems among Lebanese adults: Arabic-Language version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) scale validation and correlates

Variable SOGS categories p
No gambling problems (N = 546) Some gambling problems (N = 16) Probable pathological gambling (N = 39)
Gender < 0.001
Male 176 (84.6%) 7 (3.4%) 25 (12.0%)  
Female 370 (94.1%) 9 (2.3%) 14 (3.6%)  
Marital status 0.398
Single 430 (90.3%) 15 (3.2%) 31 (6.5%)  
Married 116 (92.8%) 1 (0.8%) 8 (6.4%)  
Education 0.01
Complementary or less 26 (100.0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
Secondary 50 (80.6%) 6 (9.7%) 6 (9.7%)  
University 470 (91.6%) 10 (1.9%) 33 (6.4%)  
Age (in years) 25.17 ± 11.43 23.94 ± 8.85 21.39 ± 5.54 0.220
Number of children 0.62 ± 1.42 0.50 ± 1.10 0.26 ± 0.79 0.420
Physical activity index 25.77 ± 21.18 21.38 ± 15.97 26.36 ± 19.52 0.696
Household crowding index 1.06 ± 0.50 1.25 ± 0.55 1.31 ± 1.15 0.394
Cigarette dependence 0.44 ± 1.50 0.56 ± 1.79 1.10 ± 1.86 0.007
Waterpipe dependence 2.20 ± 4.80 5.50 ± 7.05 4.61 ± 8.20 0.019
Problematic alcohol use 0.36 ± 1.53 2.31 ± 4.47 2.26 ± 6.17 0.013
Generalized Anxiety Disorder 6.96 ± 5.95 10.44 ± 6.08 11.18 ± 5.57 < 0.001
Depression 7.73 ± 6.79 12.13 ± 6.17 14.23 ± 7.61 < 0.001
  1. Numbers in bold indicate significant p values