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Table 2 Factor analysis of the South Oaks Gambling Scale items using the varimax rotation

From: Gambling problems among Lebanese adults: Arabic-Language version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) scale validation and correlates

Variable Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3
1. When you gamble, how often do you go back another day to win back money you lost? 0.362   
2 Have you ever claimed that you won money gambling but you had in fact lost? 0.871   
3. Did you ever feel that you have had problem with betting money or gambling? 0.822   
4. Did you ever gamble more than you intended to?    0.880
5. Have you received criticism because of your gambling problem, regardless of whether or not you thought it was true?    0.690
6. Have you ever felt guilty about the way you gamble or what happens when you gamble?    0.864
7. Have you ever felt like you would like to stop betting or gambling but didn't think you could?    0.714
8. Have you ever hidden betting slips, lottery tickets, gambling money, an “I owe you” or other signs of betting or gambling from your partner, children or other important people in your life?    0.897
9. Have money arguments ever centered on your gambling problem?    0.889
10. Have you ever borrowed money from someone and did not pay it back as a result of your gambling?    0.718
11. Did you ever not go to work or school due to betting money or gambling?    0.918
12. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- from household money   0.752  
13. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- from your husband/wife or partner   0.627  
14. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- from other relatives or in-laws   0.665  
15. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?—from banks, loan companies or credit unions   0.806  
16. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- from credit cards   0.683  
17. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?—from loan sharks   0.751  
18. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- you cashed in stocks, bonds or other securities   0.666  
19. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- you sold personal or family properties   0.737  
20. If you borrowed money to gamble or to pay gambling debts, from whom or where did you borrow such amount?- you borrowed money or gave rubber checks   0.650  
Percentage of variance explained 54.53 10.85 7.97
Cronbach’s alpha 0.691 0.929 0.954
  1. Factor 1: “Loss of control”
  2. Factor 2: “Source of funds for gambling”
  3. Factor 3: “Financial, psychological and social consequences of gambling”