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Table 3 IV regression results of mental health on personal relationships

From: Mental health and satisfaction with partners: a longitudinal analysis in the UK

  Male Female Male with partner satisfaction Female with partner satisfaction Male with partner GHQ12 Female with partner GHQ12
GHQ12 − 0.0774* − 0.0274 − 0.0645a − 0.0269 − 0.0740* − 0.00545
(− 1.84) (− 0.30) (− 1.59) (− 0.29) (− 1.77) (− 0.07)
Partner 0.144*** 0.183***
   (8.30) (4.96)   
GHQ12Partner − 0.000863 − 0.0117
     (− 0.16) (− 0.87)
Age − 0.00858** − 0.0223*** − 0.00619* − 0.0198*** − 0.00876*** − 0.0228***
(− 2.35) (− 3.61) (− 1.85) (− 3.40) (− 2.58) (− 4.85)
Higher education − 0.130 − 0.148 − 0.0971 − 0.153 − 0.132 − 0.190
(− 0.72) (− 0.79) (− 0.57) (− 0.82) (− 0.73) (− 1.04)
Alevel − 0.00766 − 0.00307 − 0.00200 0.00300 − 0.00975 − 0.0243
(− 0.05) (− 0.02) (− 0.01) (0.02) (− 0.06) (− 0.16)
GCSE 0.00959 0.0792 0.00156 0.0734 0.00755 0.0699
(0.11) (0.84) (0.02) (0.80) (0.09) (0.79)
Child 0–2 − 0.0292 − 0.0267 − 0.0282 − 0.0152 − 0.0295 − 0.0331
(− 1.19) (− 0.58) (− 1.21) (− 0.34) (− 1.24) (− 0.83)
Child 3–4 − 0.0797*** − 0.106*** − 0.0645*** − 0.0904*** − 0.0798*** − 0.107***
(− 3.38) (− 4.06) (− 2.85) (− 3.64) (− 3.41) (− 4.19)
Child 5–11 − 0.0637*** − 0.0957*** − 0.0510*** − 0.0842*** − 0.0640*** − 0.0900***
(− 3.14) (− 3.27) (− 2.64) (− 2.77) (− 3.16) (− 3.29)
Child 12–15 − 0.0959*** − 0.119*** − 0.0781*** − 0.101*** − 0.0959*** − 0.118***
(− 3.34) (− 3.98) (− 2.84) (− 3.52) (− 3.35) (− 3.95)
Real family income 0.00312 0.0185 0.00322 0.0207 0.00308 0.0148
(0.66) (1.36) (0.70) (1.58) (0.65) (1.09)
Self employed − 0.145 − 0.104 − 0.137 − 0.122 − 0.143 − 0.123
(− 1.23) (− 0.63) (− 1.17) (− 0.75) (− 1.22) (− 0.79)
Employed − 0.143 − 0.00695 − 0.142 − 0.0258 − 0.141 − 0.0209
(− 1.22) (− 0.05) (− 1.20) (− 0.18) (− 1.20) (− 0.15)
Unemployed 0.0414 0.0515 0.00600 0.0272 0.0363 0.0222
(0.28) (0.27) (0.04) (0.14) (0.24) (0.13)
Retired − 0.187 0.0380 − 0.187 0.0257 − 0.184 0.0174
(− 1.54) (0.26) (− 1.55) (0.18) (− 1.54) (0.12)
Family care 0.0206 0.00750 0.0357 − 0.0128 0.0222 − 0.0232
(0.11) (0.04) (0.18) (− 0.07) (0.11) (− 0.14)
Full-time study − 0.299* − 0.0782 − 0.294* − 0.106 − 0.296* − 0.0940
(− 1.81) (− 0.50) (− 1.84) (− 0.70) (− 1.81) (− 0.60)
Long-term sick 0.0402 − 0.00131 − 0.00689 − 0.0129 0.0337 − 0.0698
(0.25) (− 0.00) (− 0.04) (− 0.04) (0.21) (− 0.24)
Maternity leave 0.106 0.0571 0.0884
  (0.68)   (0.36)   (0.59)
Constant 7.913*** 7.806*** 6.726*** 6.505*** 7.897*** 7.739***
(23.02) (11.96) (16.17) (7.27) (25.75) (16.26)
n 21,232 21,232 21,232 21,232 21,232 21,232
Sargan-Hansen χ2(3) 0.5116 0.2493 0.4828 0.2687 2.24 3.817
First stage       
F (4,3773) 9.59***      
F (4,3772)   11.54***     
F (4,3773)    8.11***    
F (4,3772)     12.76***   
F (4,3773)      12.23***  
F (4,3772)       14.98***
  1. Robust cluster t statistics in parentheses
  2. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01
  3. ap < 0.111