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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for WEMWBS 14 items (N = 386)

From: Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS): measurement invariance across genders and item response theory examination

  Overall Men Women
M SD Skewness Kurtosis M M
1. I’ve been feeling optimistic about the future 3.04 1.04 − 0.30 − 0.49 3.05 3.02
2. I’ve been feeling useful 3.07 0.99 − 0.15 − 0.52 3.06 3.08
3. I’ve been feeling relaxed 2.97 0.90 − 0.01 − 0.59 3.07 2.85
4. I’ve been feeling interested in other people 3.12 1.03 − 0.26 − 0.63 3.13 3.12
5. I’ve had energy to spare 2.65 1.05 0.19 − 0.53 2.97 2.38
6. I’ve been dealing with problems 3.03 0.96 − 0.07 − 0.28 3.10 2.95
7. I’ve been thinking clearly 3.31 0.96 − 0.33 − 0.17 3.38 3.22
8. I’ve been feeling good about myself 2.98 1.05 − 0.02 − 0.53 3.07 2.87
9. I’ve been feeling close to other people 2.98 1.11 − 0.10 − 0.76 2.97 3.00
10. I’ve been feeling confident 2.93 1.21 − 0.04 − 0.69 3.08 2.74
11. I’ve been able to make up my own mind about things 3.39 1.03 − 0.41 − 0.19 3.40 3.39
12. I’ve been feeling loved 3.26 1.17 − 0.22 − 0.79 3.20 3.34
13. I’ve been interested in new things 3.19 1.08 − 0.23 − 52 3.26 3.10
14. I’ve been feeling cheerful 3.03 1.00 − 0.19 − 0.45 3.06 2.99
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation