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Table 3 Frequency of GHQ-12 items among healthcare workers in tertiary referral hospitals during the early phase of the epidemic, Uganda, April–May 2020 (N = 328)

From: Risk perception and psychological state of healthcare workers in referral hospitals during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, Uganda

Items from GHQ-12 questionnaire§ Percentage of score responses (N = 328)
0 1 2 3 2 or 3*
Not enjoying daily activities 21 25 25 29 54
Feeling constantly under stress 37 14 22 28 50
Not feeling reasonably happy 20 37 21 22 43
Feeling unhappy and depressed 44 16 17 23 40
Cannot overcome difficulties 30 32 20 18 38
Cannot concentrate on tasks 39 30 20 11 31
Losing sleep worrying about COVID-19 55 16 8.8 20 29
Cannot face up to problems 41 34 16 9.8 26
Lost confidence 61 15 12 13 25
Feeling worthless 70 7.9 10 12 22
Not capable of making decisions 47 34 15 4 19
Not feeling useful in society 73 19 3.4 4.3 8
  1. *A higher score signifies psychologically-distressed state; GHQ: General health questionnaire
  2. All items were asked about for the period of the past one month
  3. §GHQ-12 items as proposed by Goldberg [19]