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Table 3 Associations of CVDs with depression and anxiety symptoms in HUNT2 (1995–97), HUNT3 (2006–08) and HUNT4 (2017–19), multi-level logistic analysis

From: Prevalence trends of depression and anxiety symptoms in adults with cardiovascular diseases and diabetes 1995–2019: The HUNT studies, Norway

  HUNT2 (1995–97) HUNT3 (2006–08) HUNT4 (2017–19) HUNT2 (1995–97) HUNT3 (2006–08) HUNT4 (2017–19)
RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RD (95% CI) RD (95% CI) RD (95% CI)
Depression
 Women
n = 45,726
1.72 (1.55–1.88) 1.57 (1.37–1.76) 1.10 (0.94–1.26) 0.08 (0.07–0.10) 0.05 (0.04–0.07) 0.01 (− 0.01 to 0.03)
 Men
n = 39,012
1.45 (1.33–1.57) 1.25 (1.12–1.38) 1.26 (1.12–1.39) 0.06 (0.04–0.07) 0.03 (0.01–0.04) 0.03 (0.01 to 0.04)
Anxiety
 Women
n = 45,095
1.39 (1.28–1.49) 1.28 (1.15–1.40) 1.03 (0.93–1.14) 0.09 (0.07–0.11) 0.05 (0.03–0.07) 0.01 (− 0.01 to 0.03)
 Men
n = 38,754
1.37 (1.25–1.48) 1.28 (1.12–1.43) 1.07 (0.95–1.19) 0.06 (0.04–0.08) 0.03 (0.01–0.04) 0.01 (− 0.01 to 0.03)
  1. Adjusted for age and age squared. Risk Ratio (RR) and Risk Difference (RD) between individuals reporting CVDs and no-CVDs (ref.) at age 60
  2. CVDs, Cardiovascular diseases; HUNT, The Trøndelag Health Study; RR, Risk ratio; RD, Risk difference; CI, Confidence Interval