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Table 5 Main results from geographic residence area and age groups comparison (N = 1014)

From: Psychological reaction to Covid-19 of Italian patients with IBD

  Health engagement levels (PHE) Stress perceived (PSS)
Geographic residence area
North-West (n = 295) Mean = 5.07; SD = 1.09  
North-East (n = 360) Mean = 5.04; SD = 1.17  
Center (n = 163) Mean = 4.90; SD = 1.16  
South And Islands (n = 196) Mean = 4.69; SD = 1.30  
Age groups
18–30 (n = 113) Mean = 5.03; SD = 1.19 Mean = 1.75; SD = 1.76
31–45 (n = 295) Mean = 4.84; SD = 1.21 Mean = 1.63: SD = 1.63
46–60 (n = 420) Mean = 4.90; SD = 1.16 Mean = 1.58; SD = 1.58
> 60 (n = 186) Mean = 5.26; SD = 1.11 Mean = 1.44; SD = 1.44
  Geographic residence area comparisons
  North-West/North-East North-West/Center North-West/South And Islands North-East/Center) North-East/South And Islands Center/South And Islands
Health engagement levels (PHE) .027 (.091) .175 (.114) .386 (.107)
(p = 0.002189)
.147 (.110) .358 (.104)
(p = 0.003486)
0.211 (.124)
  Age groups comparisons
18–30/31–45 18–30/46–60 18–30/> 60 31–45/46–60 31–45/> 60 46–60/> 60
Stress perceived (PSS) .127 (.076) .177 (.072) .313 (.081)
(p = 0.000846)
.049 (.065) .186 (.064) .137 (.061)
Health engagement levels (PHE) .185 (.129) .123 (.124) − .232 (.139) − .061 (.089) − .416 (.109)
(p = 0.000931)
− .355 (.103)
(p = 0.003611)
  1. Values in cells are differences in means. Standard errors are reported in brackets
  2. SD standard deviation