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Table 2 Use of treatment techniques by Australian psychologists for the anxiety disorders, OCD and PTSD (often and very often use), results of the 5-point Likert scale and (M, SD) and differences in use across techniques

From: Utilisation and predictors of use of exposure therapy in the treatment of anxiety, OCD and PTSD in an Australian sample: a preliminary investigation

Intervention Anxiety (%) (n = 97) OCD (%) (n = 72) PTSD (%) (n = 68) Anxiety M (SD) OCD M (SD) PTSD M (SD) Wilk’s Ʌ p value
Exposure
Self-directed in-vivo exposure 58.8 65.3 44.1 3.48 (1.31) 3.78 (1.42) 3.00 (1.51) .97 .37
Therapist assisted in-vivo exposure 42.3 55.6 27.9 2.87 (1.41) 3.46 (1.49) 2.54 (1.43) .99 .83
ERP 40.2 83.3 19.1 3.02 (1.38) 4.36 (1.14) 2.15 (1.37) .35 .00
Imaginal exposure 36.1 48.6 47.1 2.83 (1.32) 3.13 (1.40) 3.29 (1.46) .69 .00
Interoceptive exposure 26.8 18.1 19.1 2.37 (1.36) 2.18 (1.23) 2.13 (1.29) 1.00 1.00
CBT (non-exposure)
Cognitive restructuring 72.2 50 60.3 3.93 (1.14) 3.33 (1.31) 3.63 (1.19) .93 .07
Elimination of avoidance and safety behaviours 69.1 76.4 57.4 3.99
(1.08)
4.08 (1.33) 3.38 (1.37) .85 .00
Breathing retraining 45.4 31.9 47.1 3/09
(1.41)
2.56 (1.55) 3.13 (1.54) .94 .14
Progressive muscle relaxation 33 16.7 38.2 2.68 (1.21) 2
(1.29)
2.71 (1.40) .98 .50
Other         
Mindfulness 41.2 23.6 41.2 3.01 (1.36) 2.43 (1.32) 3.03 (1.32) .93 .08
Motivational interviewing 24.7 25 16.2 2.58 (1.24) 2.38 (1.36) 2.15 (1.21) .89 .02
Acceptance and commitment therapy 21.6 22.2 16.2 2.31 (1.29) 2.18 (1.33) 2.09 (1.22) .99 .82
Other 19.6 18.1 20.6 1.83 (1.49) 1.73 (1.41) 1.81 (1.47) .96 .26
Meditation 14.4 11.1 10.3 2.04 (1.17) 1.73 (1.11) 1.88 (1.15) .99 .32
Dialectical behavior therapy 10.3 0 14.7 1.86 (1.09) 1.39 (0.66) 1.96 (1.25) .91 .05
Psychodynamic psychotherapy 8.2 4.2 10.3 1.55 (1.04) 1.26 (0.75) 1.51 (1.07) .93 .08
EMDR 6.2 4.2 14.7 1.38 (1.41) 1.25 (0.76) 1.69 (1.28) .83 .00
Hypnosis 1.0 4.2 1.5 1.07 (0.36) 1.17 (0.69) 1.15 (1.37) .99 .32