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Table 4 Factors associated with mental health and mental health problems knowledge of the respondents at Jimma Zone, Seka woreda, South-west Ethiopia, March 2020

From: Knowledge of the community regarding mental health problems: a cross-sectional study

Variables Category Knowledge toward mental health and mental problems COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Inadequate Adequate
Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Sex Male 94 (49.5) 96 (50.5) 0.70 (0.47–1.04)*  
Female 94 (40.9) 136 (59.1) 1  
Age 18–28 40 (40.4) 59 (59.6) 1.18 (0.63–2.23)  
29–39 88 (49.7) 89 (50.3) 0.81 (0.46–1.44)  
40–49 31 (39.2) 48 (60.8) 0.81 (0.64–2.42)  
 > 50 29 (44.6) 36 (55.4) 1  
Marital status Unmarried 36 (48.0) 39 (52.0) 0.85 (0.51–1.40)  
Married 152 (44.1) 193 (55.9) 1  
Residence Urban 83 (49.7) 84 (50.3) 1.39 (0.94–2.06)*  
Rural 105 (41.5) 148 (58.5) 1  
Birth order First 84 (45.9) 99 (54.1) 0.78 (0.45–1.35)  
Second 49 (48.0) 53 (52.0) 0.72 (0.39–1.31)  
Third 25 (41.7) 35 (58.3) 0.93 (0.46–1.86)  
4th or more 30 (40.0) 45 (60.0) 1  
Family monthly Income  < 1000 77 (40.1) 115 (59.9) 1.04 (0.38–2.86)  
1001–2999 95 (51.1) 91 (48.9) 0.67 (0.24–1.83)  
3000–4999 9 (36.0) 16 (64.0) 0.24 (0.35–4.40)  
 > 5000 7 (41.2) 10 (58.8) 1  
Educational Level Unable to read and write 63 (37.5) 105 (62.5) 1.14 (0.62–2.09) 0.95 (0.51–1.78)
Read and write 51 (63.0) 30 (37.0) 0.40 (0.20–0.80)* 0.34 (0.16–0.69)**
Primary school (1–8) 50 (44.6) 62 (55.4) 0.61 (0.85–0.44) 0.77 (0.40–1.48)
Secondary school (9–12) and above 24 (40.7) 35 (59.3) 1 1
Occupational status Farmer 95 (43.4) 124 (56.6) 0.98 (0.61–1.58)  
Merchant 30 (49.2) 31 (50.8) 0.78 (0.41–1.47)  
Housewife 20 (50.0) 20 (50.0) 0.75 (0.36–1.57)  
Employed 43 (43.0) 57 (57.0) 1  
  1. 1, Reference
  2. *P-value < 0.25, **Variables significant at P value < 0.05