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Table 4 Associations of worries and adverse events with coping styles

From: How have people been coping during the COVID-19 pandemic? Patterns and predictors of coping strategies amongst 26,016 UK adults

  Coping 1: Problem-focused Coping 2: Emotion-focused Coping 3: Avoidant Coping 4: Socially supported
Coef 95% CI P Coef 95% CI P Coef 95% CI P Coef 95% CI P
Ever had Covid-19                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes 0.04 0.01 0.07 0.006 0.06 0.02 0.09 0.003 0.03 0.00 0.06 0.058 0.07 0.03 0.10 < 0.001
Adverse events: finances                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes 0.08 0.05 0.10 < 0.001 0.04 0.01 0.08 0.015 0.07 0.04 0.10 < 0.001 0.01 − 0.03 0.04 0.717
Adverse events: basic needs                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes 0.02 − 0.04 0.09 0.495 0.00 − 0.10 0.09 0.951 0.06 − 0.03 0.15 0.167 0.02 − 0.07 0.10 0.677
Adverse events: Covid− 19                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes − 0.06 − 0.16 0.03 0.205 − 0.07 − 0.21 0.06 0.298 0.05 − 0.07 0.18 0.387 − 0.15 − 0.26 − 0.04 0.008
Worries: finances                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes 0.09 0.07 0.11 < 0.001 0.04 0.01 0.07 0.005 0.08 0.06 0.10 < 0.001 0.10 0.07 0.13 < 0.001
Worries: basic needs                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes 0.05 0.03 0.08 < 0.001 0.02 − 0.01 0.05 0.255 0.06 0.04 0.09 < 0.001 0.11 0.08 0.14 < 0.001
Worries Covid-19                 
 No *     *     *     *    
 Yes 0.11 0.09 0.13 < 0.001 0.09 0.07 0.12 < 0.001 0.02 0.00 0.04 0.027 0.08 0.05 0.10 < 0.001
  1. Displays Model 3 predictors; star indicates reference group
  2. Fit statistics: problem focused: R2 = 0.142, AIC = 1.289; emotion-focused: R2 = 0.135, AIC = 1.826; avoidant: R2 = 0.215, AIC = 1.275; socially supported: R2 = 0.309, AIC = 1.683