Skip to main content

Table 4 Bivariate association between elements of childhood resilience resources and number of sources of personal adult support

From: Adult support during childhood: a retrospective study of trusted adult relationships, sources of personal adult support and their association with childhood resilience resources

Childhood resilience resources All Number of sources of personal adult support (%)
% n 0 1 2 3 ≥ 4 X2 trend p
Role model 87.2 2170 50.4 70.3 90.9 94.2 98.0 404.392 ***
Parents/caregivers knew a lot about me 83.8 2089 44.1 67.4 86.9 90.4 96.1 384.604 ***
Belonged at school 73.0 1821 37.7 55.3 71.2 78.5 88.9 309.293 ***
Supportive friends 87.1 2170 59.8 70.6 89.3 92.2 97.4 294.000 ***
Community help 65.9 1641 35.2 45.7 59.8 71.7 84.4 304.088 ***
Given opportunities 79.3 1976 48.1 62.7 77.7 86.9 92.0 283.089 ***
Culturally engaged 79.6 1983 46.9 58.4 79.5 86.8 94.1 352.537 ***
  1. For a full description of each resilience resource, see Additional file 1: Table S1
  2. ACE adverse childhood experience
  3. ***p < 0.001