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Table 2 Bivariate relationship between access to an always-available trusted adult before the age of 18 years, ACEs and childhood resilience resources

From: Adult support during childhood: a retrospective study of trusted adult relationships, sources of personal adult support and their association with childhood resilience resources

  n Childhood resilience resources (%)
Role model Parents/caregivers knew a lot about me Belonged at school Supportive friends Community help Given opportunities Culturally engaged
No trusted adult support         
≥ 4 ACEs 185 39.5 34.6 28.1 49.7 26.0 31.0 37.0
2–3 ACEs 116 63.2 50.0 43.5 61.2 36.2 59.1 54.8
1 ACE 87 71.3 71.3 58.6 76.7 44.8 64.4 62.8
0 ACEs 170 81.8 80.6 62.9 75.9 47.6 71.8 68.2
Yes trusted adult support
≥ 4 ACEs 148 79.1 69.6 58.1 84.5 64.2 72.3 68.9
2–3 ACEs 286 88.8 86.4 72.0 88.8 59.1 76.6 80.1
1 ACE 385 95.3 91.7 80.0 95.8 76.0 86.2 86.5
0 ACEs 1102 97.5 95.3 85.9 95.4 78.3 90.7 91.1
X2   592.433 581.369 376.436 418.867 316.934 409.957 387.716
p   *** *** *** *** *** *** ***
  1. For a full description of each resilience resource, see Additional file: Table 1
  2. ACE adverse childhood experience
  3. ***p < 0.001