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Table 1 Sample characteristics (N = 71)

From: An exploratory study of embitterment in traumatized refugees

Sample characteristic M (SD)/n (%)
Age 47.96 (9.08)
Gender (male) 61 (85.9%)
Duration of stay in CH (in yrs.) 13.87 (7.11)
Legal status  
Asylum seeker 1 (1.4%)
Temporary admission 5 (7.0%)
Recognized refugee 18 (25.4%)
Residency 32 (45.1%)
Citizenship 15 (21.1%)
Marital status  
Single 12 (16.9%)
In a relationship/married 45 (63.4%)
Widowed/divorced 14 (19.7%)
Country of origin  
Turkey 42 (59.2%)
Iran 6 (8.5%)
Sri Lanka 6 (8.5%)
Bosnia 3 (4.2%)
Iraq 4 (5.6%)
Other 10 (14.1%)
Education (in yrs.)  
Less than 4 9 (12.7%)
4–8 19 (26.8%)
8–12 16 (22.5%)
More than 12 27 (38.0%)
Employment status  
Full-time 9 (12.7%)
Part-time 15 (21.1%)
Unemployed 27 (38.0%)
Retired/homemaker 20 (28.2%)