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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristic of Iranian students and their relationship with mental health (n = 280)

From: Mental health and its relationship with social support in Iranian students during the COVID-19 pandemic

Characteristics N (%)* Mental health
Mean (SD)
P Characteristics N (%)* Mental health
Mean (SD)
P
Age    0.501 Mother’s education   0.869
Lower than 22 160 (57.1) 26.0 (12.0)   Illiterate 16 (5.7) 25.9 (11.7)  
22 and more 120 (42.9) 27.1 (13.0)   Primary 31(11.1) 25.0 (12.6)  
Gender    0.401 Secondary 33 (11.8) 28.3 (13.4)  
Male 122 (43.6) 26.5 (13.1)   High school 74 (26.4) 27.0 (12.9)  
Female 158 (56.4) 26.6 (12.1)   University 125 (45.0) 26.3 (12.2)  
Educational grade    0.749 Father’s education   0.545
Bachelor 167(59.6) 26.7 (12.4)   Illiterate 5 (1.8) 35.2 (17.07)  
Doctorate 108(38.6) 26.5 (12.9)   Primary 25 (8.9) 23.8 (11.7)  
Smoking    0.003 Secondary 24 (8.6) 26.0 (11.5)  
Yes 22 (7.9) 34.1 (15.4)   High school 3(1.1) 27.6 (7.6)  
No 258 (92.1) 25.9 (12.1)   Diploma 76 (27.1) 27.5 (11.7)  
Hookah    0.228 University 147 (52.5) 26.3 (13.2)  
Yes 23 (8.2) 25.7 (11.1)   Father’s occupation   0.277
No 257 (91.8) 26.6 (12.7)   Unemployed 8 (2.9) 32.1 (16.8)  
Smoking duration (Month)   0.217 Worker 5 (1.8) 19.6 (8.1)  
 < 12 14 (5) 29.4 (13.3)   Employee 72 (25.7) 25.05 (12.7)  
12–36 6 (2.1) 27.6 (13.1)   Physician 16 (507) 27.4 (11.5)  
 > 36 7 (2.5) 39.5 (14)   Freelance 172 (61.4) 26.8 (12.3)  
Number of family members   0.343 Number of child in family   0.177
 ≤ 3 43 (15.4) 25.7 (13.2)   1 21 (7.5) 24.5 (12.9)  
4 146 (52.1) 27.8 (12.8)   2 151 (53.9) 27.9 (12.7)  
5 51 (18.2) 25.4 (12.9)   3 57 (20.4) 26.1 (13.0)  
 ≥ 6 40 (14.3) 24.2 (9.8)    ≥ 4 51 (18.2) 23.8 (10.9)  
Employed with education   0.002 Birth order in family   0.787
Yes 60 (21.4) 30.03 (13.1)   1 133 (47.5) 27.3 (13.3)  
No 220 (78.6) 25.6 (12.2)   2 87 (31.1) 25.8 (11.3)  
Mothers occupation   0.228 3 29 (10.4) 25.4 (13.1)  
Employed 89 (31.8) 28.2 (13.6)    ≥ 4 29 (10.4) 26.3 (12.6)  
Housewife 191(68.2) 25.8 (11.9)   Adequacy of income for family expenses 0.238
BMI (kg/m2)    0.003 Adequate 73 (26.1) 26.3 (12.5)  
Underweight (< 18.5) 17 (6.1) 24.9 (8.2)   Fairly adequate 167 (58.6) 25.9 (12.4)  
Normal (18.5–24.9) 187 (66.8) 25 (11.2)   Inadequate 43 (15.4) 26.6 (12.6)  
Overweight (25.0–29.9) 64 (22.9) 30.0 (15.5)      
Obese (≥ 30) 9(3.2) 36.3 (13.5)      
  1. *Number (Percent)
  2. Independent t-test
  3. One Way ANOVA