Skip to main content

Table 4 Risk ratios of the associations between family social conditions and psychological distress: the mediating role of lifestyle factors (n = 742)

From: Associations between family social circumstances and psychological distress among the university students of Bangladesh: To what extent do the lifestyle factors mediate?

Family social conditions Model 1: Age and gender-adjusted Model 1 + Physical inactivity Model 1 + Smoking Model 1 + Fruit consumption Model 1 + alcohol consumption Model 1 + Poor sleep quality Fully adjusted model: Model 1 + physical inactivity, smoking, fruit consumption, alcohol consumption, and sleep quality
RR
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
Change in RR
(%) *
Childhood poverty
 No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
 Yes 1.31
(1.11, 1.55)
1.32
(1.12, 1.56)
1.30
(1.10, 1.54)
1.28
(1.08, 1.51)
1.31
(1.11, 1.55)
1.28
(1.08, 1.51)
1.26
(1.06, 1.49)
16
 Don’t remember 1.21
(0.99, 1.49)
1.24
(1.01, 1.52)
1.20
(0.98, 1.47)
1.20
(0.98, 1.47)
1.22
(0.99, 1.49)
1.21
(0.99, 1.48)
1.19
(0.98, 1.46)
10
Family SEP
 High (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
 Medium 1.04
(0.88, 1.24)
1.03
(0.86, 1.22)
1.03
(0.87, 1.23)
1.03
(0.87, 1.23)
1.04
(0.87, 1.24)
1.04
(0.87, 1.22)
1.02
(0.86, 1.20)
50
 Low 1.36
(1.07, 1.73)
1.35
(1.06, 1.71)
1.34
(1.05, 1.71)
1.32
(1.04, 1.69)
1.36
(1.07, 1.73)
1.38
(1.09, 1.74)
1.33
(1.05, 1.68)
8
Parents’ marital status
 Married (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
 Unmarried 0.77
(0.55, 1.08)
0.77
(0.55, 1.07)
0.78
(0.56, 1.10)
0.75
(0.53, 1.05)
0.77
(0.55, 1.08)
0.75
(0.54, 1.05)
0.75
(0.54, 1.05)
9
Living with family
 Yes (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
 No 1.28
(1.07, 1.54)
1.29
(1.08, 1.54)
1.30
(1.09, 1.56)
1.23
(1.03, 1.48)
1.28
(1.07, 1.54)
1.30
(1.09, 1.55)
1.28
(1.06, 1.53)
0
  1. RR, Risk Ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; SEP, Socio-economic Position
  2. *Calculated using the formula: (Total Effect from model 1 − Direct Effect from fully adjusted model)/(Total Effect from model 1 − 1) * 100.