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Table 3 Risk ratios of the associations between lifestyle factors and psychological distress (n = 742)

From: Associations between family social circumstances and psychological distress among the university students of Bangladesh: To what extent do the lifestyle factors mediate?

Lifestyle factors Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI)
Physical inactivity    
 Inactive (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Moderately active 0.77 (0.62, 0.94) 0.75 (0.61, 0.92) 0.76 (0.62, 0.94)
 Active 0.91 (0.77, 1.08) 0.92 (0.78, 1.10) 0.96 (0.81, 1.14)
Smoking    
 Never smoker (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Current smoker 1.09 (0.86, 1.39) 1.12 (0.89, 1.42) 1.13 (0.89, 1.44)
 Former smoker 1.44 (1.14, 1.81) 1.39 (1.11, 1.75) 1.38 (1.09, 1.76)
Fruit consumption    
 Rarely 1.31 (1.07, 1.60) 1.24 (1.02, 1.52) 1.18 (0.99, 1.41)
 Sometimes 1.25 (1.04, 1.50) 1.23 (1.02, 1.47) 1.18 (0.96, 1.44)
 Regularly (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Alcohol consumption    
 Never (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Sometimes/Regularly* 0.99 (0.73, 1.33) 0.95 (0.70, 1.28) 0.90 (0.65, 1.23)
Poor sleep quality    
 No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.36 (1.17, 1.58) 1.37 (1.19, 1.59) 1.35 (1.17, 1.57)
  1. Model 1: Adjusted for age and gender
  2. Model 2: Model 1 + adjustment for all family social variables
  3. Model 3: Model 2 + mutual adjustment for all lifestyle factors
  4. RR, Risk Ratio; CI, Confidence Interval
  5. *Collapsed due to low number of cases