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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of individual variables and by psychological distress

From: Associations between family social circumstances and psychological distress among the university students of Bangladesh: To what extent do the lifestyle factors mediate?

Characteristics Total Psychological distress P-value*
Yes No
M (SD)/% (n) M (SD)/% (n) M (SD)/% (n)
Age (Mean; Std. deviation) 22.4 (2.3) 22.2 (2.3) 22.7 (2.3) 0.007
Gender     
 Male 46.9 (348) 54.3 (214) 45.7 (180) 0.001
 Female 53.1 (394) 37.9 (132) 62.1 (216)  
Childhood poverty     
 No 55.3 (410) 42.0 (172) 58.0 (238) 0.012
 Yes 27.5 (204) 54.4 (111) 45.6 (93)  
 Don’t remember 17.2 (128) 49.2 (63) 50.8 (65)  
Family socio-economic position     
 High 30.2 (224) 46.0 (103) 54.0 (121) 0.185
 Medium 59.0 (438) 45.2 (198) 54.8 (240)  
 Low 10.8 (80) 56.3 (45) 43.8 (35)  
Parents’ marital status     
 Married 92.6 (687) 47.3 (325) 52.7 (362) 0.192
 Unmarried 7.4 (55) 38.2 (21) 61.8 (34)  
Living with family     
 Yes 80.5 (597) 45.4 (271) 54.6 (326) 0.170
 No 19.5 (145) 51.7 (75) 48.3 (70)  
Physical inactivity     
 Inactive 41.8 (310) 52.3 (162) 47.7 (148) 0.014
 Moderately active 24.9 (185) 38.9 (72) 61.1 (113)  
 Active 33.3 (247) 45.3 (112) 54.7 (135)  
Smoking     
 Never smoker 70.6 (524) 47.3 (248) 52.7 (276) 0.019
 Current smoker 22.6 (168) 39.9 (67) 60.1 (101)  
 Former smoker 6.7 (50) 62.0 (31) 38.0 (19)  
Alcohol consumption     
 Never 89.9 (667) 47.4 (316) 52.6 (351) 0.359
 Sometimes 8.5 (63) 38.1 (24) 61.9 (39)  
 Regularly 1.6 (12) 50.0 (6) 50.0 (6)  
Fruit consumption     
 Rarely 24.1 (179) 52.0 (93) 48.0 (86) 0.015
 Sometimes 37.7 (280) 50.0 (140) 50.0 (140)  
 Regularly 38.1 (283) 39.9 (113) 60.1 (170)  
Poor sleep quality     
 No 63.3 (470) 40.9 (192) 59.1 (278) 0.001
 Yes 36.7 (272) 56.6 (154) 43.4 (118)  
 Total 100 (742) 46.6 (346) 53.4 (396)  
  1. *Chi-square test for categorical variables and t-test for the continuous age variable