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Table 3 Association between socio-demographic characteristic and awareness on the seriousness of depression

From: Preliminary development of a bystander intervention scale for depression and the examination of socio-demographic correlates amongst Singapore university students

Socio-demographic Factor 1: Awareness of depression among peers Factor 2: Vigilance towards possible symptoms of depression Factor 3: Knowledge on how to intervene Factor 4: Acceptance of responsibility to intervene
B p value 95% CI B p value 95% CI B p value 95% CI B p value 95% CI
Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper
Age  − 0.015 0.312  − 0.045 0.015 0.047 0.008* 0.012 0.082 0.046 0.018* 0.008 0.084  − 0.025 0.059  − 0.051 0.001
Sex                 
 Male Ref     Ref     Ref     Ref    
 Female  − 0.047 0.519  − 0.192 0.097 0.152 0.075  − 0.015 0.319  − 0.150 0.108  − 0.333 0.033  − 0.100 0.113  − 0.224 0.024
Ethnicity                 
 Chinese Ref     Ref     Ref     Ref    
 Non-Chinese 0.142 0.102  − 0.028 0.313  − 0.089 0.376  − 0.287 0.109 0.098 0.372  − 0.118 0.315 0.183 0.014* 0.036 0.329
Type of school course                 
 STEM courses Ref     Ref     Ref     Ref    
 Non-STEM courses 0.125 0.073  − 0.012 0.261  − 0.115 0.152  − 0.273 0.043  − 0.021 0.811  − 0.194 0.152 0.074 0.214  − 0.043 0.191
Family members or Friends with Mental illness                 
 No Ref     Ref     Ref     Ref    
 Yes 0.345  < 0.001* 0.213 0.477 0.238 0.002* 0.085 0.391  − 0.038 0.654  − 0.206 0.129 0.180 0.002* 0.066 0.293
Past experience in the mental health field                 
 No Ref     Ref     Ref     Ref    
 Yes 0.206 0.010* 0.050 0.362 0.310 0.001* 0.130 0.490 0.380  < 0.001* 0.184 0.577 0.266  < 0.001* 0.133 0.399
  1. CI confidence interval, STEM science, technology, engineering, and math
  2. p < 0.05*