Skip to main content

Table 3 Item parameters and standard errors for the items in the CESD-10 questionnaire across PLWHAs and healthy population

From: Assessing the measurement invariance of the 10-item Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and Beck Anxiety Inventory questionnaires across people living with HIV/AIDS and healthy people

  Factor loading 1st threshold 2nd threshold 3rd threshold
b (SE) τ1 (SE) τ2 (SE) τ3 (SE)
q1: I was bothered by things that usually don't bother me     
Healthy 0.870 (0.077) − 1.111 (0.470) 0.007 (0.469) 0.888 (0.473)
PLWHA 0.870 (0.077) − 1.111 (0.470) 0.007 (0.469) 0.888 (0.473)
q2: I had trouble keeping my mind on what I was doing     
Healthy 0.841 (0.073) − 0.849 (0.494) 0.435 (0.492) 1.072 (0.508)
PLWHA 0.841 (0.073) − 0.849 (0.494) 0.435 (0.492) 1.072 (0.508)
q3: I felt depressed     
Healthy 1.492 (0.124) − 2.447 (0.678) − 1.094 (0.668) − 0.004 (0.668)
PLWHA 1.492 (0.124) − 2.447 (0.678) − 1.094 (0.668) − 0.004 (0.668)
q4: I felt that everything I did was an effort     
Healthy 0.268 (0.049) 1.025 (0.334) 0.382 (0.330) − 0.246 (0.331)
PLWHA 0.268 (0.049) 1.025 (0.334) 0.382 (0.330) − 0.246 (0.331)
q5: I felt hopeful about the future     
Healthy 0.654 (0.062) − 1.190 (0.398) − 0.469 (0.396) 0.115 (0.399)
PLWHA 0.654 (0.062) − 1.190 (0.398) − 0.469 (0.396) 0.115 (0.399)
q6: I felt fearful     
Healthy 1.036 (0.087) − 1.354 (0.539) − 0.320 (0.537) 0.535 (0.539)
PLWHA 1.036 (0.087) − 1.354 (0.539) − 0.320 (0.537) 0.535 (0.539)
q7: My sleep was restless     
Healthy 1.006 (0.080) − 0.443 (0.522) 0.610 (0.523) 1.488 (0.538)
PLWHA 1.006 (0.080) − 0.443 (0.522) 0.610 (0.523) 1.488 (0.538)
q8: I was happy     
Healthy 0.824 (0.066) − 1.887 (0.408) − 0.741 (0.403) 0.298 (0.404)
PLWHA 0.824 (0.066) − 1.887 (0.408) − 0.741 (0.403) 0.298 (0.404)
q9: I felt lonely     
Healthy 1.092 (0.088) − 1.521 (0.523) − 0.435 (0.520) 0.505 (0.526)
PLWHA 1.092 (0.088) − 1.521 (0.523) − 0.435 (0.520) 0.505 (0.526)
q10: I could not "get going"     
Healthy 1.264 (0.116) − 1.192 (0.592) − 0.266 (0.593) 0.648 (0.600)
PLWHA 1.264 (0.116) − 1.192 (0.592) − 0.266 (0.593) 0.648 (0.600)
  1. b: factor loading, τi: threshold parameters, SE: standard error