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Table 1 Comparison of the mean of the resilience scores between the two groups

From: The effect of the emotion regulation training on the resilience of caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: a parallel randomized controlled trial

Group Time
Before the Intervention After the Intervention Paired T-test p Value Within group differences
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Control 59.94 13.87 61.28 12.34 1.57 0.120 1.34 5.05
Intervention 51.97 14.66 69.08 13.18 8.33 0.001 17.11 12.15
Statistical Test t \(=\hspace{0.17em}\)2.34 t \(=\hspace{0.17em}\)−2.56    Z \(=\hspace{0.17em}\hspace{0.17em}\)− 5.41
p Value 0.020 0.010    < 0.001
Effect size 0.56 0.61    1.69
  1. t = Independent t test, Z = Mann Whitney U test