Skip to main content

Table 3 Influence of age and conformity to masculine norms on different indices of depression

From: Associations between conformity to masculine norms and depression: age effects from a population study of Australian men

  Currently depresseda 12-month depressionb
ORc p value 95% CI OR p value 95% CI
(Intercept) 0.17 0.00 [0.12, 0.23] 0.30 0.00 [0.23, 0.40]
Age
 15–17 1.61 0.15 [0.84, 3.10] 0.65 0.21 [0.33, 1.28]
 18–25 2.03 0.00 [1.29, 3.18] 0.84 0.43 [0.55, 1.29]
 26–35 1.39 0.13 [0.91, 2.12] 0.86 0.40 [0.60, 1.23]
 36–50 1.05 0.80 [0.72, 1.53] 0.93 0.66 [0.69, 1.26]
15–17
 Moderate non-conformityd 0.88 0.70 [0.45, 1.72] 0.71 0.39 [0.33, 1.54]
 Moderate conformity 0.62 0.61 [0.32, 1.20] 0.42 0.03 [0.19, 0.90]
 Extreme conformity 1.22 0.60 [0.62, 2.37] 0.45 0.07 [0.19, 1.05]
18–25
 Moderate non-conformityd 0.70 0.08 [0.48, 1.04] 0.69 0.08 [0.45, 1.05]
 Moderate conformity 0.98 0.89 [0.68, 1.40] 0.59 0.01 [0.39, 0.88]
 Extreme conformity 1.03 0.88 [0.70, 1.53] 0.59 0.03 [0.37, 0.94]
26–35
 Moderate non-conformityd 0.77 0.12 [0.55, 1.07] 0.73 0.05 [0.53, 1.00]
 Moderate conformity 0.95 0.77 [0.70, 1.31] 0.64 0.01 [0.47, 0.88]
 Extreme conformity 1.37 0.09 [0.96, 1.97] 0.64 0.03 [0.43, 0.95]
36–50
 Moderate non-conformityd 1.18 0.17 [0.93, 1.49] 0.84 0.09 [0.69, 1.03]
 Moderate conformity 1.31 0.02 [1.04, 1.64] 0.80 0.03 [0.65, 0.98]
 Extreme conformity 1.70 0.00 [0.28, 2.28] 0.77 0.08 [0.58, 1.03]
51–55
 Moderate non-conformityd 1.36 0.12 [0.92, 2.01] 0.84 0.31 [0.61, 1.17]
 Moderate conformity 1.26 0.27 [0.84, 1.87] 0.84 0.31 [0.60, 1.18]
 Extreme conformity 2.45 0.00 [1.48, 4.06] 1.41 0.15 [0.89, 2.24]
  1. Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level
  2. All models adjusted for Index of Relative Social Disadvantage (IRSD) and Remoteness Area
  3. aBased on published cut-off scores indicating clinically significant symptoms (PHQ-9 scores ≥ 10)
  4. bBased on self-reported 12-month history of depression
  5. cOR relative to the 51–55 group within CMNI category
  6. dReference category is extreme non-conformity