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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA)

From: Correlates of emotional intelligence among Lebanese adults: the role of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, alcohol use disorder, alexithymia and work fatigue

  Beta p 95% confidence Interval
Lower Upper
Alcohol use disorder (AUDIT score)
 Gender (females versus males*) − 2.623 < 0.001 − 3.963 − 1.282
 Number of kids − 1.052 0.012 − 1.875 − 0.229
 University vs illiterate* level of education − 4.611 0.002 − 7.473 − 1.749
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 4.718 < 0.001 2.887 6.548
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 4.924 < 0.001 3.401 6.447
Alexithymia (TAS score)     
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 3.299 0.011 0.764 5.834
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 6.448 < 0.001 4.339 8.557
Self-esteem     
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* − 0.388 0.244 − 1.043 0.266
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 0.195 0.482 − 0.350 0.739
Depression     
 High vs low* SES 4.909 0.039 0.243 9.575
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 8.551 < 0.001 6.291 10.811
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 8.550 < 0.001 6.670 10.430
Anxiety     
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 7.113 < 0.001 4.876 9.350
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 8.754 < 0.001 6.892 10.615
Perceived Stress Scale     
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 2.351 0.002 0.839 3.863
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 3.926 < 0.001 2.668 5.184
Social phobia     
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 14.223 < 0.001 9.178 19.269
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 19.190 < 0.001 14.993 23.387
Emotional work fatigue     
 Cluster 1 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 5.456 < 0.001 3.368 7.544
 Cluster 2 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* − 0.603 0.637 − 3.113 1.907
Physical work fatigue     
 High vs low* SES 2.89 0.023 0.40 5.38
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 3.550 < 0.001 1.597 5.502
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 0.490 0.553 − 1.134 2.114
Mental work fatigue     
 High vs low* SES 4.00 0.001 1.66 6.33
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 12.360 < 0.001 10.547 14.173
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 6.900 < 0.001 5.392 8.408
Suicidal ideation     
 Cluster 1 (People with low emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 0.467 0.003 0.159 0.775
 Cluster 2 (People with moderate emotional intelligence) vs cluster 3 (high emotional intelligence)* 0.460 < 0.001 0.204 0.716
  1. Cluster 1 = People with low emotional intelligence; Cluster2 = People with moderate emotional intelligence; Cluster3 = People with high emotional intelligence
  2. In the global model, the independent variable was the cluster groups and covariates were marital status, age, SES, number of kids, education level and gender
  3. *Reference group; Numbers in bold indicate significant p-values