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Table 3 Clusters status and correlation with the psychological scales after adjusting for covariates (age, education level, gender, SES, marital status, number of kids)

From: Correlates of emotional intelligence among Lebanese adults: the role of depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, alcohol use disorder, alexithymia and work fatigue

Variable Cluster 1 Low EI Cluster 2 Moderate EI Cluster 3 High EI F P-value (Cluster 1 vs. cluster 2) P-value (cluster 1 vs. cluster 3) P-value (Cluster 2 vs. cluster 3)
Mean (SE) Mean (SE) Mean (SE)
Alcohol dependence 12.03 (0.69) 12.24 (0.47) 7.32 (0.60) 22.248 0.807 < 0.001 < 0.001
Alexithymia 52.01 (0.95) 55.16 (0.66) 48.71 (0.83) 18.290 0.007 0.011 < 0.001
Self-esteem 24.46 (0.24) 25.04 (0.17) 24.85 (0.21) 1.871 0.054 0.244 0.482
Depression 15.56 (0.85) 15.56 (0.59) 7.01 (0.74) 45.113 0.999 < 0.001 < 0.001
Anxiety 16.38 (0.84) 18.02 (0.58) 9.26 (0.73) 44.045 0.112 < 0.001 < 0.001
Perceived stress scale 18.61 (0.57) 20.18 (0.39) 16.26 (0.49) 18.824 0.024 0.002 < 0.001
Social phobia 40.85 (1.90) 45.82 (1.32) 26.63 (1.66) 40.814 0.033 < 0.001 < 0.001
Emotional work fatigue 21.64 (0.65) 16.19 (0.82) 15.58 (0.94) 20.097 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.637
Physical work fatigue 19.52 (0.51) 16.03 (0.64) 15.48 (0.73) 10.586 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.553
Mental work fatigue 22.19 (0.59) 15.29 (0.47) 9.83 (0.68) 92.336 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Suicidal ideation 0.70 (0.11) 0.70 (0.08) 0.24 (0.10) 7.098 0.964 0.003 < 0.001
  1. Independent variable is the cluster group. Covariates are: age, education level, gender, SES, marital status, number of kids. Numbers in bold indicate significant p-values. The ANOVA test was used to compare the means of all variables between the three clusters