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Table 5 The mediating effect of youth’s sports’ values on the link between parents’ role-modeling behaviors and youth’s sports-participation behaviors

From: Immigrant and Swedish adolescents’ involvement in organized sports activities: an expectancy-value approach

     95% CI
  B SE t/z LL UL
Outcome: Sports participation      
 Direct effects      
  Role modeling → Sports’ values .01 .03 .22 − .06 .07
  Role modeling → Sports participation .22 .12 1.89 − .01 .45
  Sports’ values → Sports participation .82 .19 4.36*** .45 1.19
 Indirect effect      
  Role modeling → Sports’ values → Sports participation .01 .03   − .06 .07
Outcome: Sports intensity      
 Direct effects      
  Role modeling → Sports’ values .03 .04 .66 − .05 .11
  Role modeling → Sports intensity .05 .27 .27 − .32 .42
  Sports’ values → Sports intensity 1.07 .27 3.93*** .53 1.61
 Indirect effect      
  Role modeling → Sports’ values → Sports intensity .03 .05   − .01 .03
Outcome: Sports continuation      
 Direct effects      
  Role modeling → Sports’ values .08 .04 2.28* .01 .17
  Role modeling → Sports continuation .11 .14 .77 − .16 .38
  Sports’ values → Sports continuation .57 .20 2.90** .18 .95
 Indirect effect      
  Role modeling → Sports’ values → Sports continuation .05 .03   .00 .12
  1. Unstandardized beta coefficients (B), 95% ordinary least squares CI for B, and 95% bootstrap CI for the indirect effects. The following variables were entered as covariates: SES, age, gender, immigrant background, and sports-related family co-activities. We also controlled for T1 sports participation when looking at T2 sports participation, and T1 sports intensity when looking at T2 sports intensity
  2. CI = confidence interval; LL = lower limit; UL upper limit
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001