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Table 3 Correlations among the study variables

From: Immigrant and Swedish adolescents’ involvement in organized sports activities: an expectancy-value approach

Measure 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
1. Socio-economic status             
2. Age − .20***            
3. Gender .05 − .02           
4. Immigrant background − .51*** .28*** − .02          
5. Role-modeling .15*** − .12** − .03 − .22***         
6. Sports-related co-activities .01 − .03 .22*** − .00 .20***        
7. Youth’s values T1 .05 .00 .15*** − .03 .18*** .46***       
8. Youth’s values T2 .10* .07 .14*** − .07 .13** .45*** .80***      
9. Sports participation T1 .19*** − .13** .22*** − .15*** .16*** .26*** .54*** .49***     
10. Sports participation T2 .22*** − .16** .13** − .28*** .12*** .33*** .52*** .57*** .69***    
11. Sports intensity T1 .14** − .12** .22*** − .14** .17*** .33*** .63*** .57*** .78*** .61***   
12. Sports intensity T2 .15** − .14** .18*** − .24*** .18*** .42*** .60*** .67*** .60*** .82*** .71***  
13. Continued sports participation .08 − .13** .03 − .28*** .18*** .12* .18*** .30*** .c 1*** .19*** .71***
  1. Values for dichotomous variables: gender (girls = 0, boys = 1), immigrant background (Nordic = 0, immigrant = 1), sports participation (not involved = 0, involved = 1), and continued sports participation (did not continue = 0, continued participation = 1). Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2) refer to the assessment occasions
  2. cNot calculated
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001