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Table 3 Pathways and conditional effects of second-stage moderated mediation

From: Brief mindfulness-based training and mindfulness trait attenuate psychological stress in university students: a randomized controlled trial

  a b1 b3 c’ ω ωLow ωHigh
PAS 9.75 .15 − 5.55 3.19 − 54.15 1.50 − 52.65
Boot CI 3.61, 16.45 .03, .28 − 11.33, 4.46 −  .42, 6.25 − 145.76, 23.79 .24, 3.79 − 143.12, 25.24
NAS 9.75 .07 − 2.22 .25 − 21.63 .71 − 20.92
Boot CI 3.60, 16.45 −  .11, .21 − 15.77, 5.54 − 3.00, 3.59 − 179.23, 51.76 −  .86, 2.50 − 176.45, 53.02
SAI 9.75 −  .16 10.23 − 5.50 99.70 − 1.56 98.14
Boot CI 3.58, 16.56 −  .34, .08 2.95, 117.25 − 10.51, − .58 26.33, 234.58 − 4.72, .44 25.41, 231.62
PSS 9.75 −  .23 2.00 − 1.92 19.50 − 2.24 17.27
Boot CI 3.64, 16.57 −  .37, − .09 − 4.28, 7.87 − 6.44, 2.57 − 39.98, 93.24 − 4.57, − .67 − 42.80, 88.93
Cortisol 9.75 −  .11 2.99 1.12 29.20 − 1.12 28.08
Boot CI 3.67, 16.59 −  .20,− .03 − 1.01, 6.42 −  .77, 2.84 − 3.76, 83.57 − 2.20, − .41 − 4.38, 82.00
  1. a = Mindfulness Training → State Mindfulness pathway, b1 = State Mindfulness → Outcome pathway, b3 = interaction term between b1 and Mindfulness Trait, c’ = Mindfulness Training → Outcomes pathway after removing contribution of mediator, ω = Index of Moderated Mediation, ωLow = Index of Moderated Mediation in Low Mindfulness Trait condition, ωHigh = Index of Moderated Mediation in High Mindfulness Trait condition, PAS = Positive Affect Schedule, NAS = Negative Affect Schedule, SAI = State Anxiety Inventory, TAI = Trait Anxiety Inventory, PSS = Perceived Stress, Boot CI = bootstrapped 95% confidence interval. Significant estimates are shown in bold