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Table 1 The EMOTION intervention

From: Change in quality of life and self-esteem in a randomized controlled CBT study for anxious and sad children: can targeting anxious and depressive symptoms improve functional domains in schoolchildren?

Child and parent sessions with objectives
Child sessions/strategies Objectives/mechanisms targeted Parent sessions/strategies
Motivation/goal setting, group cohesion, closing (S: 1, 3, 19, 20) Collaborative relationship/focused approach Motivation/goal setting/closing (S: 1, 7)
Coping through pleasant events/Emotion focused coping (S: 2, 4) Emotion understanding and emotion regulation Identification of feelings/Emotion focused coping (S: 4)
Psychoeducation: Identification of feelings, how thoughts influence feelings (S: 3, 6)
Problem-solving/Cognitive restructuring (S: 5, 7, 8, 9 & 10–18) Information processing errors Problem-solving/Cognitive restructuring (S: 5, 6)
Exposure & Behavioral activation (S: 10–18) Withdrawal/behavioral learning Exposure & Behavioral activation/support (S: 4, 5)
Building a differentiated self-schema (S: 12–16) Self-esteem Positive parenting/ positive reinforcement/support (S: 2, 3)
  Parental behavior Positive parenting/ positive reinforcement/coping modeling/support (S: 2, 3)
  1. S = Session The EMOTION intervention has 20 child sessions, and 7 parent group meetings