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Table 4 Differences in HEXACO mean scores by specialty type

From: Association between HEXACO personality traits and medical specialty preferences in Mexican medical students: a cross-sectional survey

HEXACO-PI-R DomainsSpecialty Preferencet Value †
Mean Scores for Clinical Group (± SD)Mean Scores for Surgical Group (± SD)
Honesty–Humility3.58 (± 0.58)3.42 (± 0.59)2.22 **
Sincerity3.49 (± 0.89)3.47 (± 0.89).14
Fairness4.09 (± 0.84)4.02 (± 0.82).73
Greed avoidance2.99 (± 0.81)2.75 (± 0.85)2.39 *
Modesty3.74 (± 0.76)3.44 (± 0.78)3.24 ***
Emotionality3.15 (± 0.54)3.05 (± 0.55)1.64
Fearfulness2.98 (± 0.74)2.79 (± 0.72)2.20 *
Anxiety3.58 (± 0.76)3.51 (± 0.77).71
Dependence2.79 (± 0.88)2.76 (± 0.89).24
Sentimentality3.27 (± 0.79)3.12 (± 0.76)1.59
Extraversion3.18 (± 0.63)3.39 (± 0.56)−3.02 **
Social self-esteem3.46 (± 0.74)3.68 (± 0.71)−2.62 **
Social boldness2.94 (± 0.92)3.25 (± 0.85)−2.95 **
Sociability3.00 (± 0.78)3.16 (± 0.68)−1.82
Liveliness3.30 (± 0.83)3.46 (± 0.77)−1.73
Agreeableness2.97 (± 0.59)2.84 (± 0.55)1.98 *
Forgiveness2.94 (± 0.79)2.91 (± 0.81).31
Gentleness3.09 (± 0.69)2.95 (± 0.65)1.79
Flexibility2.91 (± 0.73)2.68 (± 0.74)2.68 **
Patience2.95 (± 0.86)2.82 (± 0.83)1.31
Conscientiousness3.69 (± 0.55)3.78 (± 0.53)−1.42
Organization3.45 (± 0.86)3.74 (± 0.86)−2.89 **
Diligence4.08 (± 0.65)4.20 (± 0.57)−1.60
Perfectionism3.77 (± 0.69)3.75 (± 0.66).21
Prudence3.45 (± 0.73)3.43 (± 0.79).30
Openness to experience3.74 (± 0.49)3.77 (± 0.46)−.55
Aesthetic appreciation4.11 (± 0.69)4.11 (± 0.63).07
Inquisitiveness3.76 (± 0.73)3.81 (± 0.71)−.51
Creativity3.70 (± 0.74)3.78 (± 0.72)−.98
Unconventionality3.37 (± 0.61)3.38 (± 0.63)−.17
Altruism3.66 (± 0.68)3.65 (± 0.70).61
  1. Notes: † t values obtained by Student’s t test (*p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001)
  2. Univariate analysis degrees of freedom: 290