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Table 4 Changes in KCYP after 10 weeks of sandplay therapy

From: The clinical effects of school sandplay group therapy on general children with a focus on Korea Child & Youth Personality Test

ScaleBefore sandpaly therapy
(n = 284)
M ± SD
After 10 weeks of sandplay therapy
(n = 284)
M ± SD
tp-value
Reliability
 Response reliability47.98 ± 9.6745.65 ± 9.524.028<.001
 Infrequency48.02 ± 9.2846.81 ± 9.472.224.027
 Exaggeration50.45 ± 9.8150.9 ± 10.26−.906.366
 Defense50.14 ± 10.3349.79 ± 9.44.657.512
Ego strength54.32 ± 10.2655.87 ± 10.44−3.781<.001
Psychosis
 Reality distortion50.58 ± 9.9949.21 ± 9.832.693.008
 Hallucination50.85 ± 10.3748.49 ± 8.804.332<.001
Somatization
 Psychosomatic49.99 ± 9.7847.99 ± 9.601.841.067
 Tension/Anxiety49.46 ± 9.5647.48 ± 9.424.145<.001
 Hypochondriacs49.60 ± 10.4747.79 ± 9.423.308.001
Emotional distractibility
 Phobia48.54 ± 10.1646.23 ± 10.164.295<.001
 Depression48.62 ± 9.6846.23 ± 10.07.789.431
 Sleep problems50.08 ± 11.2148.38 ± 10.163.325.001
Withdrawal
 Introversion48.31 ± 10.1746.75 ± 9.882.954.003
 Isolated feeling49.32 ± 8.7048.50 ± 7.981.504.134
ADHD
 Inattention48.71 ± 9.4146.86 ± 9.033.304.001
 Hyperactivity48.88 ± 9.3448.07 ± 9.421.599.111
Delinquency
 Oppositionality46.54 ± 17.4944.77 ± 17.872.015.045
 Conduct problem48.59 ± 19.3645.63 ± 19.582.700.007
Social relation
 Peer isolated feeling48.39 ± 18.0647.06 ± 18.921.483.139
 Peer conflict44.78 ± 16.8245.43 ± 16.42−.813.417
Family relation
 Parent conflict47.38 ± 16.4343.59 ± 15.914.276<.001
 family discord45.46 ± 19.6545.90 ± 19.72−.530.596
Learning difficulty48.11 ± 9.5847.56 ± 10.01.916.361
Media Indulgence49.54 ± 9.4249.11 ± 9.34.846.398