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Table 5 Bivariate correlations between TFS/I, BDI-II and GSE

From: Validation study of the Italian version of Temporal Focus Scale: psychometric properties and convergent validity

N = 544 M (SD) SKE (SE) KUR (SE) PA CU FU DTOT DSOM DCOG GSE
TFS
PA 3.91 (1.20) .611 (.105) − .114 (.209) 1       
CU 4.89 (1.13) − .158 (.105) − .122 (.209) − .170** 1      
     [− .09, − .25]       
FU 4.47 (1.28) .099 (.105) − .455 (.209) .218** .142** 1     
     [.30, .14] [.22, .06]      
BDI-II
DTOT 32.86 (10.3) 1.25 (.105) 2.15 (.209) .454** − .322** .072 1    
     [.52, .38] [− .24, − .40] [.15, − .01]     
DSOM 20.24 (6.81) 1.46 (.105) 1.80 (.209) .424** − .294** .063 .962** 1   
     [.49, .35] [− .21, − .37] [.15, − .02] [.97, .95]    
DCOG 12.62 (4.22) 1.63 (.105) 2. 24 (.209) .429** − .315** .074 .898** .745** 1  
     [.49, .36] [− .24, − .39] [.16, − .01] [.91, .88] [.78, .70]   
GSE
  3.75 (.653) − .567 (.105) .984 (.209) − .105* .244** .058 − .324** − .266** − .363** 1
     [− .02, − .19] [.32, .16] [.14, − .03] [− .25, − .40] [− .19, − .34] [− .29, − .43]  
  1. TFS temporal focus scale, PA past focus, CU current focus, FU future focus, BDI-II beck depression inventory-II, DEPTOT total depression, DSOM somatic depression, DCOG cognitive depression, GSE generalized self-efficacy scale
  2. **Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed)
  3. *Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed). For BDI-II Spearman’s correlation has been used. Values in square brackets indicate the 95% confidence interval for each correlation