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Table 4 Estimated parameters and standard error (SE) of the unconditional parallel process latent growth models (also shown in Fig. 1)

From: Increases in social support co-occur with decreases in depressive symptoms and substance use problems among adults in permanent supportive housing: an 18-month longitudinal study

  Estimate SE
Model: Social support and Depressive symptoms   
Prospective association   
(Intercept-to-slope)   
 Social support—social support − 0.51** 0.05
 Social support—depressive symptoms 0.48** 0.06
 Depressive symptoms—social support 0.83** 0.03
 Depressive symptoms—depressive symptoms − 0.81** 0.02
(Intercept-to-intercept)   
 Social support—depressive symptoms − 0.67** 0.05
(Slope-to-slope)   
 Social support—depressive symptoms − 0.99** 0.01
Model: Social support and Substance use problems   
 Prospective association   
(Intercept-to-slope)   
 Social support—social support − 0.51** 0.06
 Social support—substance use problems 0.48** 0.08
 Substance use problems—social support 0.88** 0.02
 Substance use problems—substance use problems − 0.91** 0.01
(Intercept-to-intercept)   
 Social support—substance use problems − 0.52** 0.07
(Slope-to-slope)   
 Social support—substance use problems − 0.98** 0.01
  1. The estimates are standardized parameter estimates
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01