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Table 3 Associations between how the injury happened and type of most serious physical injury in the past 12 months and PTSD and depressive symptoms

From: Associations of serious physical injuries with posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms: a cross-sectional survey among university students in 26 countries

Variable (# missing cases) Response Sample PTSD symptoms Nagelkerke R square Depressive symptoms Nagelkerke R square
N (%) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
How did the most serious injury happen to you?       
I hurt myself by accident (#165) No 16,469 (90.4) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 1748 (9.6) 1.29 (1.13, 1.47)***   1.23 (1.03, 1.46)*  
Someone or something else hurt me by accident (#165) No 17,284 (94.9) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 933 (5.1) 1.31 (1.05, 1.64)*   1.31 (1.00, 1.71)*  
I hurt myself on purpose (#165) No 18,067 (99.2) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 150 (0.8) 1.99 (1.32, 2.99)**   2.72 (1.89, 3.91)***  
Someone else hurt me on purpose (#165) No 17,906 (98.3) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 311 (1.7) 2.06 (1.42, 2.99)***   1.68 (1.36, 2.08)***  
What was the most serious injury that happened to you?       
I had a broken bone or a dislocated joint (#0) No 17,617 (95.8) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 765 (4.2) 1.27 (0.94, 1.71)   1.47 (1.19, 1.81)***  
I had a cut, puncture, or stab wound (#0) No 17,696 (93.3) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 686 (3.7) 1.64 (1.27, 2.13)***   1.40 (1.08, 1.82)*  
I had a concussion or other head or neck injury, was knocked out, or could not breathe (#0) No 18,192 (99.0) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 190 (1.0) 1.61 (0.95, 2.74)   2.28 (1.55, 3.35)***  
I had a gunshot wound (#0) No 18,345 (99.8) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 37 (0.2) 2.28 (1.05, 4.97)*   3.31 (1.29, 8.49)*  
I had a bad burn (#0) No 18,225 (99.1) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 157 (0.9) 1.30 (0.92, 1.83)   1.16 (0.73, 1.83)  
I lost all or part of a foot, leg, hand, or arm (#0) No 18,284 (99.5) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 98 (0.5) 1.12 (0.85, 1.47)   0.34 (0.09, 1.28)  
Something else happened to me (#0) No 17,107 (93.1) 1 (Reference) 0.03 1 (Reference) 0.03
  Yes 1275 (6.9) 1.40 (1.17, 1.67)***   1.35 (1.10, 1.65)***  
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval; adjusted for age, sex, wealth status, country, social support and heavy alcohol use
  2. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001