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Table 2 Comparative analysis according to the score obtained in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire

From: Psycho-demographic profile in severe asthma and effect of emotional mood disorders and hyperventilation syndrome on quality of life

  HADS ≥ 11 (n = 43) HADS < 11 (n = 20) p
Age 60.7 (13.5) 58.5 (14.3) 0.621
Body Mass Index, kg/m2 28.0 (6.5) 27.0 (5.4) 0.807
Female sex 35 (81.4) 18 (90.0) 0.481
Civil status    0.067
 Single 4 (36.4) 7 (36.6)  
 Married 24 (66.7) 12 (33.3)  
 Separated/divorced 6 (100) 0 (0)  
 Widowed 6 (60) 4 (40)  
Children 1.5 1.1 0.317
Level of studies    0.414
 No studies 11 (52.4) 10 (47.6)  
 Primary 8 (36.4) 14 (63.6)  
 Secondary 1 (50) 1 (50)  
 University 14 (77.8) 4 (22.2)  
Employment situation    0.138
 Employed 9 (47.4) 10 (52.6)  
 Unemployed 3 (100) 0 (0)  
 Retired 14 (77.8) 4 (22.2)  
 Leave or incapacity to work 14 (60.9) 9 (39.1)  
Profession    0.202
 Contact with toxic products 18 (69.2) 8 (30.8)  
 Working with the general public 16 (53.3) 14 (46.7)  
 Other 6 (85.7) 1 (14.3)  
Family psychopathological history 19 (44.2) 7 (35.0) 0.587
Personal psychopathological history 32 (74.4) 9 (45.0) 0.045
Social and family support 23 (53.5) 11 (55.0) 1.000
Previous suicidal attempts 5 (11.6) 0 (0.0) 0.149
Mini-AQLQ total 3.6 (1.5) 4.1 (1.1) 0.217
Mini-AQLQ symptoms 3.46 (1.5) 4.12 (1.5) 0.119
Mini-AQLQ limitation of activities 3.7 (1.8) 3.81 (1.1) 0.791
Mini-AQLQ emotional function 3.6 (1.8) 4.5 (1.4) 0.017
Mini-AQLQ environmental stimuli 3.5 (1.7) 3.9 (1.8) 0.415
TAS-20 63.7 (16.6) 43.1 (15.9) < 0.001
Dyspnea Nijmegen 24.1 (9.8) 20.2 (13.8) 0.021
ACT 13.4 (5.6) 14.5 (5.7) 0.459
  1. Data are expressed as the mean (standard deviation) or number (percentage)
  2. ACT asthma control test, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Mini-AQLQ Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, TAS-20 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale