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Table 3 Descriptive statistics (mean, SD, Skewness and Kurtosis) and internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) of CBCL scales for the third (outside brackets) and the fourth (inside brackets) occasion of measurement, along with t tests for the mean differences (mean3–mean4) between the two measurement occasions

From: The stable component of maternal depressive symptoms predicts offspring emotional and behavioral symptoms: a 9-years longitudinal study

  Mean3 (Mean4) SD3 (SD4) SK3 (SK4) KU3 (KU4) α3 (α4) t (159) p
ANX 7.24 (7.68) 5.76 (5.80) − .02 (− .03) − 1.51 (− 1.50) .85 (.85) − 3.48 .00
WITH 4.29 (4.54) 5.34 (3.92) 1.14 (.52) − .47 (− .79) .94 (.80) − .81 .42
SOM 3.75 (4.14) 3.47 (3.90) .98 (.98) .10 (.17) .78 (.81) − 2.96 .00
INT 15.29 (16.36) 12.49 (12.56) .38 (.17) − 1.20 (− 1.37) .93 (.93) − 3.29 .00
SOC_PR 4.33 (4.88) 3.73 (4.29) .68 (.81) − .34 (.08) .76 (.80) − 3.96 .00
TH_PR 4.81 (5.66) 4.20 (5.13) .84 (1.21) .59 (2.21) .77 (.82) − 5.32 .00
ATT 3.98 (4.32) 3.07 (3.41) .51 (.54) .24 (− .25) .68 (.72) − 3.54 .00
RU_BR 4.89 (5.63) 4.67 (5.50) .40 (1.35) 2.61 (2.23) .80 (.83) − 4.54 .00
AGGR 6.86 (7.54) 6.16 (6.90) .21 (1.16) 1.66 (1.35) .85 (.87) − 3.74 .00
EXT 11.76 (13.16) 10.53 (12.08) .31 (1.27) 2.34 (2.00) .96 (.96) − 4.47 .00
EM_DYS 6.03 (6.51) 4.67 (5.03) .46 (.46) − .22 (− .44) .89 (.89) − 4.25 .00
  1. ANX anxiety and depression, WITH withdrawal and depression, SOM somatization, INT internalizing disorders, SOC_PROB social problems, TH_PROB thought problems, ATT attention problems, RU_BR rule breaking behaviors, AGGR aggressive behaviors, EXT externalizing behaviors, EM_DYS emotional dysregulation
  2. *All correlations are significant at critical at .001 alpha level (two tailed)