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Table 1 Sample size (N), Mean, Standard Error of the Mean (SEM), and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) of Experience, Expressivity, and Physiological Arousal to Negative and Positive Images seen in the Unregulated condition

From: The simultaneous use of Emotional suppression and Situation selection to regulate emotions incrementally favors physiological responses

  N Negative viewing Positive viewing
Mean SEM CI (95%) Mean SEM CI (95%)
Experience (/100) 65 41.25 2.21 [36.84; 45.67] 41.24 1.84 [37.57; 44.91]
Expressivity (EMG, %baseline) 65 150.76 8.42 [133.94; 167.58] 152.66 6 [40.67; 164.65]
Heart Rate (Δbpm) 65 −1.67 0.2 [−2.07; −1.27] −1.47 0.22 [−1.90; − 1.04]
Skin Conductance Level (ΔμS) 56 −0.04 0.014 [− 0.07; 0.01] − 0.07 0.01 [− 0.09; − 0.04]
Respiratory Rate (Δc/min) 65 − 0.07 0.05 [− 0.18; 0.03] 0.10 0.05 [0.00; 0.20]
Respiratory Amplitude (ΔmV) 65 −0.03 0.019 [−0.064; 0.014] − 0.02 0.019 [− 0.056; 0.019]
  1. Note. The experience scale ranges from 0 (no emotion) to + 100 (extreme negative/positive experience). Expressivity is expressed as percentages of trial baseline level. All other parameters are expressed as differences with trial baseline level to reflect parameter change after image presentation