Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive information stratified by HSB-category

From: Characteristics of adolescent boys who have displayed harmful sexual behaviour (HSB) against children of younger or equal age

  N (% missing) HSB-C
N = 30
HSP-P
N = 24
Combined
N = 54
Test statistic
Ethnicity 54     χ12 = 1.3, p = 0.381
Born in Norway   87% 96% 91%  
Born outside of Norway   13% 4% 9%  
Care situation at disclosure 54     χ12 = 1.4, p = 0.28a
 Biological/adoptive parents   80% 92% 85%  
 Foster parents/institution   20% 8% 15%  
Carer qualities 50 (7.4)     χ22 = 3.9, p = 0.16a
Caregivers require extensive therapy/interventions   63% 40% 54%  
Caregivers/family are main helpers   27% 30% 28%  
Caregivers/family have difficulties acknowledging support/treatment   10% 30% 18%  
Sexual behaviour 54     χ22 = 0.67, p = 0.79a
 Sexual intercourse   67% 58% 63%  
 Sexual actions   27% 29% 28%  
 Other sexual behaviour   7% 12% 9%  
Debut age HSB, M (SD) 54 14.6 (1.6) 13.4 (2.5) 14.1 (2.1) F1 52 = 2.7, p = 0.11b
Number of HSB events 54     χ22 = 1.8, p = 0.43a
 3 or more   60% 50% 56%  
 1   30% 46% 37%  
 2   10% 4% 7%  
Location of HSB 53 (1.9)     χ32 = 2.8, p = 0.52a
 Offender’s home or vicinity   80% 78% 79%  
 Victim’s home or vicinity   13% 4% 9%  
 Childcare/school/after-school care   3% 13% 8%  
 Other private/Public place   3% 4% 4%  
Number of HSB victims 54     χ22 = 11, p < 0.05a
 1   40% 83% 59%  
 2   47% 8% 30%  
 3 or more   13% 8% 11%  
Sex of victim 54     χ22 = 3.3, p = 0.24a
Female   63% 83% 72%  
 Male   30% 17% 24%  
 Male and female (mixed)   7% 0% 4%  
Offender-victim relation 54     χ42 = 4.8, p = 0.32a
 Neighbour/friend   37% 50% 43%  
 Biological-/half siblings   23% 33% 28%  
 Other relative   20% 12% 17%  
 Foster-/step siblings   13% 0% 7%  
 Stranger   7% 4% 6%  
Repeated HSB 50 (7.4)     χ12 = 3.8, p = 0.064a
 Yes   27% 5% 18%  
 No   73% 95% 82%  
Other criminal/norm breaking behaviour 46 (14.8)     χ12 = 0.02, p = 1a
 Yes   70% 68% 70%  
 No   30% 32% 30%  
Own traumas 43 (20.4)     χ42 = 10, p < 0.05a
 No (not known)   29% 47% 37%  
 Assault   12% 37% 23%  
 Multiple traumas   21% 5% 14%  
 Neglect   25% 0% 14%  
 Concern for trauma   12% 11% 12%  
Age at own trauma 41 (24.1)     χ32 = 8.2, p < 0.05a
 0–5   43% 6% 27%  
 6–11   9% 28% 17%  
 12–15   4% 6% 5%  
 Not applicable   43% 61% 51%  
Social functioning 45 (16.7)     χ22 = 2.5, p = 0.31a
 Concerning   44% 44% 44%  
 Isolated   44% 28% 38%  
 Good   11% 28% 18%  
Cognitive abilities 40 (25.9)     χ22 = 8.6, p < 0.0
 Normal/ high abilities (IQ = 85 or greater)   26% 71% 45%  
 General/specific learning difficulties (IQ = 70–85)   61% 18% 42%  
 Moderate/mild intellectual disability (IQ = 35–69)   13% 12% 12%  
Self-esteem, M (SD) 41 (24.1) 6.3 (2.2) 6.1 (1.6) 6.2 (1.9) F1 39 = 0.95, p = 0.34b
Emotional loneliness, M (SD) 40 (25.9) 35.3 (8.0) 39.6 (9.5) 36.9 (8.7) F1 38 = 1.2, p = 0.27b
  1. N is the number of non-missing values
  2. Tests used: aPearson X2 with simulated p values; bWilcoxon test