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Table 8 Results of regression analyses showing the contributions of executive function (EF), stuttering, comorbidity and sex to socioemotional competence

From: Associations between stuttering, comorbid conditions and executive function in children: a population-based study

Models Predictor Unstandardized Standardized p value R2
B SE β SE
Model 1 Intercept 4.017 0.060 2.722 0.055 < .001 0.262
EF 0.453 0.007 0.512 0.006 < .001
Model 2 Intercept 8.097 0.019 5.488 0.047 < .001 .000
Sex − 0.041 0.012 − 0.014 0.004 < .010  
Model 3 Intercept 8.050 0.007 5.456 0.045 < .001 .005
Stuttering − 0.694 0.070 − 0.073 0.008 < .001
Model 4 Intercept 8.162 0.008 5.532 0.045 < .001 .020
Comorbidity − 0.476 0.015 − 0.143 0.005 < .001
Model 5 Intercept 4.294 0.065 2.910 0.059 < .001 0.266
EF 0.457 0.007 0.516 0.006 < .001
Stuttering − 0.112 0.055 − 0.012 0.006 .042
Sex − 0.201 0.011 − 0.068 0.004 < .001
Comorbidity − .019 0.014 − 0.006 0.004 .180
  1. Models 1–4: Effect of each predictor on socioemotional score, and Model 5: All predictors entered in a single model
  2. B unstandardized regression coefficient, β standardized regression coefficient, SE standard error