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Table 6 Results of the regression analyses showing the contributions of stuttering, comorbidity and sex to executive function (EF)

From: Associations between stuttering, comorbid conditions and executive function in children: a population-based study

Models Predictor Unstandardized Standardized p value R2
B SE β SE
Model 1 Intercept 8.161 0.012 3.426 0.016 < .001 .006
Stuttering − 1.195 0.076 − 0.077 0.005 < .001
Model 2 Intercept 8.390 0.013 3.522 0.017 < .001 .031
Comorbidity − 0.950 0.023 − 0.176 0.004 < .001
Model 3 Intercept 8.401 0.013 3.527 0.017 < .001 .035
Stuttering − 0.947 0.073 − 0.061 0.005 < .001
Comorbidity − 0.920 0.023 − 0.171 0.004 < .001
Model 4 Intercept 8.094 0.030 3.398 0.020 < .001 .037
Stuttering − 0.920 0.073 − 0.060 0.005 < .001
Comorbidity −0.893 0.023 − 0.166 0.004 < .001
Sex 0.201 0.018 0.042 0.004 < .001
  1. Models 1 and 2: Effect of each predictor on EF score, Model 3: Stuttering and comorbidity entered in a single model, and Model 4: Model 3 additionally adjusting for sex
  2. B unstandardized regression coefficient, β standardized regression coefficient, SE standard error