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Table 1 Participant characteristics by forgiveness of others at study baseline (The Nurses’ Health Study II 2008 Supplementary Survey, N = 53,237)a

From: Forgiveness of others and subsequent health and well-being in mid-life: a longitudinal study on female nurses

Participant characteristics Forgiveness of others
Never/seldom (n = 5692) Often (n = 28,071) Always/almost always (n = 19,474)
Age, in years (range: 43–64)b 53.26 (4.62) 53.29 (4.65) 53.46 (4.66)
Non-Hispanic white, % 95.06 95.95 95.62
Marital status, % 76.10 81.07 83.57
Geographic region, %
 - Northeast 36.84 33.45 28.13
 - Midwest 28.91 32.76 34.85
 - South 15.76 18.05 21.14
 - West 18.48 15.74 15.88
Subjective SES in US (range: 1–10) 6.92 (1.41) 7.06 (1.29) 7.22 (1.31)
Subjective SES in community (range: 1–10) 6.59 (1.70) 6.86 (1.56) 7.12 (1.54)
Census-tract college education rate (range: 0–0.88) 0.33 (0.17) 0.32 (0.16) 0.31 (0.16)
Household income, %
 -< $50‚000 17.32 15.66 15.66
 - $50‚000-$74‚999 27.14 27.34 27.78
 - $75‚000-$99‚999 19.54 21.70 21.69
 - > =$100‚000 35.99 35.31 34.87
Census tract median income, %
 - < $50‚000 23.33 25.29 27.49
 - $50‚000-$74‚999 47.54 49.15 49.38
 - $75‚000-$99‚999 20.85 19.27 17.87
 - > =$100‚000 8.29 6.29 5.26
Night shift work over past 2 years, %
 - none 90.70 92.05 92.44
 - 1-9 months 4.04 3.45 3.18
 - 10-19 months 1.40 1.29 1.29
 - 20+ months 3.85 3.20 3.09
Currently employed, % 89.19 89.64 87.41
Childhood abuse victimization (range: 0–5) 2.06 (1.57) 1.77 (1.48) 1.65 (1.48)
Religious service attendance, %
 - never/almost never 42.28 22.70 16.42
 - < once/week 40.10 39.82 29.83
 - > =once/week 17.62 37.48 53.75
Number of close friends (range: 0–5) 1.55 (0.70) 1.71 (0.65) 1.80 (0.65)
Depressive symptoms (range: 0–30) 8.57 (5.96) 6.40 (4.92) 4.82 (4.43)
Depression diagnosis, % 20.85 15.39 13.17
Anxiety symptoms (range: 0–15) 3.05 (2.57) 2.55 (2.23) 2.10 (2.05)
Hopelessness (range: 0–3) 1.22 (0.94) 0.91 (0.89) 0.69 (0.91)
Positive affect (range: 0–3) 1.77 (0.82) 2.04 (0.74) 2.27 (0.74)
Preventive healthcare use, % 82.01 85.60 85.82
Alcohol intake, %
 - 0 g/day 31.14 31.31 38.20
 - 0.1–9.9 g/day 44.45 46.40 41.77
 - 10.0-29.9 g/day 18.45 18.42 16.46
 - 30+ grams/day 5.96 3.88 3.58
Cigarette smoking, %
 - never smoker 59.73 65.27 69.06
 - former smoker 32.03 28.58 25.71
 - current smoker 1–14/day 4.14 3.45 2.98
 - current smoker 15–24/day 2.97 1.99 1.75
 - current smoker > = 25/day 1.12 0.71 0.49
Physical activity (METS c), %
 - < 3 20.37 15.56 15.36
 - 3-8.9 18.85 19.23 18.78
 - 9-17.9 19.64 20.84 20.69
 - 18-26.9 12.31 13.98 14.64
 -> =27 28.83 30.39 30.53
Dietary quality (AHEI score d), %
 - bottom tertile, % 37.22 32.87 30.47
 - middle tetile, % 32.72 33.75 33.08
 - top tertile, % 30.06 33.38 36.45
BMI categories (kg/m2), %
 - < 20 5.33 5.30 5.63
 - 20-24.9 35.35 37.54 39.40
 - 25-29.9 28.87 29.71 29.63
 - 30-34.9 16.42 15.52 14.40
 - 35+ 14.03 11.93 10.94
Diabetes, % 5.52 4.63 4.41
CHD, % 1.13 1.14 1.16
Stroke, % 1.45 1.32 1.31
Cancer, % 6.35 6.52 6.64
Postmenopausal status, % 59.90 60.68 60.61
Replacement Hormone use, % 14.31 14.15 14.85
  1. Values are means (SD) for continuous variables and percentages for categorical variables and are standardized to the age distribution of the study population. Values of polytomous variables may not sum to 100% due to rounding
  2. a This table is based on participants with complete data on forgiveness
  3. b Value is not age adjusted
  4. c Metabolic equivalents score (METS) was used to measure physical activity
  5. d Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) was used to measure dietary quality