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Table 1 Summary of key study variables and measurement tools, and assessment time points administered

From: A randomized controlled trial comparing parent child interaction therapy - toddler, circle of security– parenting™ and waitlist controls in the treatment of disruptive behaviors for children aged 14–24 months: study protocol

Variable Measure Time 1 Time 2 Time 3a
Parenting capacity outcomes
 Positive parenting Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System – Labeled Praise
 Negative parenting Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System – Negative Talk
 Parenting sensitivity NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development: Sensitivity Scales
 Sense of competence in managing negative toddler emotions Coping with Toddler’s Negative Emotions Scale (CTNES)
 Caregiving helplessness Care-Giving Helplessness Questionnaire (CHQ) - ‘mother helpless’ subscale
 Risk of abuse Brief Child Abuse Potential Inventory (BCAP)
 Mentalizing about the child Mind-mindedness rating system
 Emotion regulation Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)
 Parenting stress Parenting Stress Index–Short Form (PSI-SF)
Child outcomes
 Social-emotional functioning Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA)
 Child emotion regulation maturity Observational 5-min ‘child frustration task’
 Attachment security Attachment Q-sort (AQS)
Strange Situation Procedure (SSP)
Child externalizing behaviour Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL/1.5–5)
  1. a Time 3 measures only administered to participants in the PCIT-T and COS-P groups